Spinal deformity is a condition in which there is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The spine is made up of a series of bones called vertebrae that are stacked on top of each other and are separated by discs. The spine should have a natural curvature, but in some cases, the spine may curve too much or too little, leading to deformity.
There are several types of spinal deformities, including:
- Scoliosis: This is a condition in which the spine curves to the side, forming an “S” or “C” shape. Scoliosis can affect people of any age, but it most commonly develops in children and adolescents.
- Kyphosis: This is a condition in which the spine has an excessive curvature in the upper back, causing a hunchback appearance. Kyphosis can be caused by poor posture, osteoporosis, or spinal injuries.
- Lordosis: This is a condition in which the spine has an excessive curvature in the lower back, causing a swayback appearance. Lordosis can be caused by poor posture, obesity, or pregnancy.
Spinal deformities can cause pain, difficulty with movement, and other problems. Treatment for spinal deformities may include physical therapy, medications, and in severe cases, surgery. It’s important to see a healthcare provider if you have any concerns about the curvature of your spine.