Lumbar microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to treat a herniated lumbar disc. A herniated disc occurs when the soft, gel-like material inside the disc (called the nucleus pulposus) leaks out and puts pressure on the spinal nerves. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs.
During a lumbar microdiscectomy, the surgeon will make a small incision in the lower back and remove a small portion of the bone over the affected disc to access the spinal canal. The surgeon will then remove the herniated portion of the disc and any other damaged tissue that is pressing on the spinal nerves. This can help relieve the pressure on the nerves and reduce the patient’s pain and other symptoms.
Lumbar microdiscectomy is typically performed using minimally invasive techniques, which involve making small incisions and using specialized instruments to access the spine. This type of surgery is generally less invasive and has a shorter recovery time compared to traditional open surgery.
The decision to undergo lumbar microdiscectomy should be made after careful consideration and consultation with a spine specialist. The surgeon will take into account the specific condition being treated, the severity of the symptoms, and the potential risks and benefits of the surgery.