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Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Can Restore Normal Spine Mechanics following Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture

Osteoporotic vertebral fractures often lead to pain and disability. They can be successfully treated, and possibly prevented, by injecting cement into the vertebral body, a procedure known as vertebroplasty. Kyphoplasty is similar, except that an inflatable balloon is used to restore vertebral body height before cement is injected. These techniques are growing rapidly in popularity, and a great deal of recent research, reviewed in this paper, has examined their ability to restore normal mechanical function to fractured vertebrae. Fracture reduces the height and stiffness of a vertebral body, causing the spine to assume a kyphotic deformity, and transferring load bearing to the neural arch. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are equally able to restore vertebral stiffness, and restore load sharing towards normal values, although kyphoplasty is better at restoring vertebral body height. Future research should optimise these techniques to individual patients in order to maximise their beneficial effects, while minimising the problems of cement leakage and adjacent level fracture

Keywords : Body Height,Kyphoplasty,Pain,Patients,Spine,Universities,Vertebroplasty,, Kyphoplasty,Can,Restore,Normal, jaw pain after botox

Date of Publication : 2010 Jun 20

Authors : Luo J;Adams MA;Dolan P;

Organisation : Department of Anatomy, University of Bristol, Southwell Street, Bristol BS2 8EJ, UK

Journal of Publication : J Osteoporos

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20981329

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