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Uptake of gentamicin by vestibular efferent neurons and superior olivary complex after transtympanic administration in guinea pigs

Transtympanic administration of gentamicin is a widely accepted and effective approach for treating patients with intractable vertigo. Previous studies have demonstrated the uptake, distribution and effects of gentamicin in peripheral vestibular and cochlear structures after transtympanic injection. However, little is known about whether transtympanically administered gentamicin is trafficked into more central auditory and vestibular structures and its effect on these structures. In this study, we used immunofluorescence to determine the distribution of gentamicin within the auditory and vestibular brainstem. We observed gentamicin immunolabeling bilaterally in the vestibular efferent neurons, and in the superior olivary complex, and ipsilaterally in the cochlear nucleus 24h after transtympanic administration of gentamicin, and that the drug could still be detected in these locations 30 days after injection. In contrast, no gentamicin labeling was detected in the vestibular nuclear complex. In the vestibular efferent neurons and superior olivary complex, gentamicin labeling was detected in the cytoplasm and cell processes, while in the cochlear nucleus gentamicin is mainly localized outside and adjacent to the cell bodies of neurons. Nerve fibers in cochlear nucleus, root of eighth nerve, as well as descending pathways from the superior olivary complex, are also immunolabeled with gentamicin continuously. Based on these data, we hypothesize that retrograde axonal transport of gentamicin is responsible for the distribution of gentamicin in these efferent nuclei including vestibular efferent neurons and superior olivary complex and anterograde axonal transport into the ipsilateral cochlear nucleus

Keywords : administration & dosage,Animals,Axonal Transport,Biomarkers,China,Cytoplasm,Female,Fluorescent Antibody Technique,Gentamicins,Guinea Pigs,Injections,innervation,Male,metabolism,Microscopy,Confocal,Nerve Fibers,Neurons,Neurons,Efferent,Olivary Nucleus,Patients,pharmacokinetics,Skull,Skull Base,surgery,Tissue Distribution,Tubulin,Tympanic Membrane,Universities,Vestibule,Labyrinth,, Gentamicin,By,Vestibular,Efferent, work related upper limb disorder

Date of Publication : 2012 Jan

Authors : Zhang YB;Zhang R;Zhang WF;Steyger PS;Dai CF;

Organisation : Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China

Journal of Publication : Hear Res

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22063470

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