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Unusual forms of spinal tuberculosis

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in both developing and developed worlds, and children, in particular, represent a high-risk group for acquiring the disease. TB of the central nervous system is the most severe, life-threatening form of TB in infants and children. Approximately 10% of all patients with TB have central nervous system involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have selected four pediatric cases of unusual spinal TB that presented to our institution during the last 5 years. These include TB arachnoiditis, intramedullary spinal cord tuberculoma, TB spondylitis of the odontoid peg, and one child with tuberculous extradural abscess. CONCLUSION: TB may involve the intramedullary, extramedullary intrathecal compartment, or the extrathecal vertebral compartment in the form of an arachnoiditis, abscess, and spondylitis, respectively, often with unusual imaging presentations

Keywords : Abscess,Arachnoiditis,Central Nervous System,Child,Child,Preschool,complications,etiology,Female,Humans,Incidence,Infant,Magnetic Resonance Imaging,Male,methods,pathology,Radiology,South Africa,Spinal Cord,Spondylitis,Tuberculoma,Tuberculosis,Tuberculosis,Spinal,, Forms,Spinal,Tuberculosis, knee pain injections

Date of Publication : 2008 Apr

Authors : du PJ;Andronikou S;Theron S;Wieselthaler N;Hayes M;

Organisation : Department of Radiology, Tygerberg Hospital, University of Stellenbosch, Tygerberg, 7505, South Africa. drjjdup@hotmail.com

Journal of Publication : Childs Nerv Syst

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17987300

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