19 Harley St, London, W1G 9QJ, UK

Unraveling a masticatory – oculomotor neural pathway in rat: Implications for a pathophysiological neural circuit in human?

Anterograde tracers were injected into the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (Vme) in pons, labeled axons and terminals were observed in ipsilateral oculomotor (III) and trochlear (IV) nuclei, as well as in interstitial nucleus of Cajar and Darkschewitsch nucleus (INC/DN), the well-known premotor nuclei to the III/IV, but not in abducens nucleus and central mesencephalic and paramedian pontine reticular formation (CMRF/PPRF). Retrogradely labeled INC/DN neurons do ensue from injection of tracers into the III. Confocal microscopy revealed labeled Vme axonal terminals contact with labeled pre-oculomotor neurons in the INC/DN. In response to electrical stimulation of trigeminal nerve root (TR) jaw muscle branches, which contains peripheral processes of the jaw muscle spindle, extracellular unit discharges were recorded in the ipsilateral III/IV and INC/DN. Electromyography (EMG) was also recorded from superior rectus (SR) and levator palpebrae (LP) following electrical stimulation of the TR. Moreover, stimulation of the TR induced Fos expression in the INC/DN pre-oculomotor neurons, but not in CMRF/PPRF that harbors horizontal eye moving premotor neurons. By injection of retrograde tracers into the III combined with Fos immunostain, double labeled pre-oculomotor neurons were observed in the INC/DN. About 80% of retrogradely labeled III premotor neurons express Fos. These results suggest a neural pathway from the masticatory Vme neurons to the oculomotor system that is probably involved exclusively in vertical and torsional eye movement as well as eyelid retraction. The potential relationship between this pathway and Marcus Gunn Syndrome (MGS), a congenital jaw-winking syndrome, was discussed

Keywords : Axons,congenital,Electromyography,Microscopy,Movement,Neurons,Syndrome,, Masticatory,Oculomotor,Neural, proxamol

Date of Publication : 2011

Authors : Zhang J;Liang H;Luo P;Xiong H;

Organisation :

Journal of Publication : Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22162784

The London Spine Unit : Harley Street UK. Specialists in Cutting Edge Technologies for Spinal Surgery

Make an Appointment 

Trustpilot Reviews
Doctify Reviews
Top Doctor Reviews

Unraveling a masticatory - oculomotor neural pathway in rat Implications for a pathophysiological neural circuit in human? | What kind of doctor treats piriformis syndrome

What our patients say ...

Consultant Spine Surgeon
Consultant Spine Surgeon
Consultant Spine Surgeon

This surgical technique consists of a percutaneous approach for the treatment of small to medium size hernias of the intervertebral disc by laser energy. The main objective is to reduce the intradiscal pressure in the nucleus pulposus

Laser Disc Surgery can be performed under local anaesthetic as a day case at our centre on the prestigious Harley Street.
What is London spine unit and How it Works

The London Spine Unit was established in 2005 and has successfully treated over 5000 patients. All conditions are treated.

treatment of all spinal disorders

The London Spine Unit specialises in Minimally Invasive Treatments allowing rapid recovery and return to normal function

Trusted by patients worldwide

The London Spine Unit provides the highest quality care to all patients and has VIP services for those seeking exceptional services

If you have any emergency Doctor’s need, simply call our 24 hour emergency

Your personal case manager will ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Call Now 

+44 844 589 2020
+44 203 973 8810