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Trends In Use, Outcomes, And Revision Procedures Of Anterior Cervical Disc Replacement In The United States: A Premiere Database Analysis From 2006-2019 London Spine

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Abstract

Purpose: We sought to characterize trends in demographics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications among patients undergoing primary and revision cervical disc replacement (pCDR/rCDR) procedures.

Methods: In this retrospective database study, the Premier Healthcare database was queried from 2006 to 2019. Annual proportions or medians were calculated for patient and hospital characteristics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications associated with CDR surgery. Trends were assessed using linear regression analyses with year of service as the sole predictor.

Results: A total of 16,178 pCDR and 758 rCDR cases were identified, with a median (IQR) age of 46 (39; 53) and 51 (43; 60) years among patients, respectively. The annual number of both procedures increased between 2006 and 2019, from 135 to 2220 for pCDR (p < 0.001), and from 17 to 49 for rCDR procedures (p < 0.001), with radiculopathy being the main indication for surgery in both groups. Mechanical failure was identified as a major indication for rCDR procedures with an increase over time (p = 0.002). Baseline patient comorbidity burden (p = 0.045) and complication rates (p < 0.001) showed an increase. For both procedures, an increase in outpatient surgeries and procedures performed in rural hospitals was seen (pCDR: p = 0.045; p = 0.006; rCDR: p = 0.028; p = 0.034).

PCDR and rCDR procedures significantly increased from 2006 to 2019. At the same time, comorbidity burden and complication rates increased, while procedures were more often performed in an outpatient and rural setting. The identification of these trends can help guide future practice and lead to further areas of research.

Keywords: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion; Cervical arthroplasty; Cervical disc replacement; Premier healthcare database; Spine surgery.

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Read the original publication from Pubmed :

Trends in use, outcomes, and revision procedures of anterior cervical disc replacement in the United States: a premiere database analysis from 2006-2019

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Abstract Purpose: We sought to characterize trends in demographics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications among patients undergoing primary and revision cervical disc replacement (pCDR/rCDR) procedures. Methods: In this retrospective database study, the Premier Healthcare database was queried from 2006 to 2019. Annual proportions or medians were calculated for patient and hospital characteristics, comorbidities, and postoperative complications…

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