Spinal disorders can be divided into 2 groups: congenital and degenerative (acquired).
Congenital diseases are conditions with which you were born.
If you feel numbness in the arms and legs, loss of extension of movement in your arms and legs, or weakening of your bones, it is important that you see one of our experts who will help you determine if your symptoms are congenital or degenerative. Then, we can recommend an appropriate course of treatment. These are the most common:
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. Some patients with scoliosis experience a worsening of the curvature.
The goal of spinal surgery for scoliosis is the fusion of the vertebrae (two or more) so that the spine can not bend and therefore correct the deformity. The surgeon tries to correct the curve 50% or more.
Herniated vertebrae – Discs
Hernias in the discs that affect the lumbar and cervical vertebrae are very common. They are one of the most common deformities of the spine. These conditions, when they are congenital, do not require medical treatment, only to be monitored by your doctor.
Occasionally, moderate and even severe cases may require conservative therapies. Some very advanced cases of sliding of the vertebrae may require surgical intervention, most commonly in the form of a spinal fusion.
Spina bifida is a congenital condition of development. There are several kinds of spina bifida and each varies in severity. Spina bifida can be closed surgically after birth but this does not return normal functions to the affected part of the spinal cord.
Degenerative acquired diseases
Degenerative diseases of the spine become more common when the person gets older. Osteoporosis and arthritis are two examples of degenerative diseases that affect elderly people.
- Osteoporosis causes the bones to thin out and eventually break.
- Arthritis involves the wear and tear of the cartilage that protects the joints and allows them to move smoothly.
Chronic wear of the cervical spine causes this disease. This includes the disks or cushions between the vertebrae of the neck, and the joints of the bones of the cervical spine. There may be abnormal growth in the bones of the vertebrae.
Hernias (lumbar, cervical, dorsal)
The herniated disc occurs when an intervertebral disc degenerates and deteriorates, which causes the inner core to leak into a weakened part located in the outer area of the disc.
Stenosis (cervical, dorsal, lumbar)
Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal that can occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing produces a restriction of the cord which results in a neurological weakness.
If non-surgical treatments do not work, your doctor may recommend surgery to treat your disease.