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Transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression in the algorithm of surgical treatment of endocrine ophthalmopathy Research Article

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CONCLUSION: Transnasal endoscopic decompression of the orbit in the inactive form of the disease is indicated for exophthalmos of more than 4-8 mm. In optical neuropathy, transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression is indicated regardless of the initial visual acuity of the patient and should be supplemented with lateral bone orbital decompression with visual acuity below 0.1. The obtained results allowed us to form an algorithm for surgical treatment of patients with endocrine ophthalmopathy…
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Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2022;87(3):13-18. doi: 10.17116/otorino20228703113.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for the use of transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression (TEOD) in endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of 225 TEODs are analyzed. 139 patients with EOP were under observation, who were divided into two groups. Group 1 included 64 patients with an inactive form of EOP, group 2 included 75 patients with EOP complicated by optical neuropathy. Group 2 patients are divided into three subgroups. In the first subgroup there were 36 patients who underwent only TEDO, in the second subgroup there were 17 patients who underwent simultaneous TEOD and lateral bone orbital decompression (LBOD), in the third subgroup there were 22 patients who underwent TEOD and with an interval of 7-14 days – LBOD. After surgery, visual acuity, visual fields and color perception, regression of exophthalmos, as well as the presence of strabismus and diplopia were evaluated.

RESULTS: In patients of group 1 (64 patients, 104 TEODs), the average regression rate of exophthalmos was 5.49±1.22. Diplopia was observed in 23 (36%) patients, strabismus – in 18 (28%) patients. The transient nature of diplopia and strabismus was noted in 11% of cases. Patients of the first subgroup showed an increase in visual acuity from 0.4±0.28 to 0.7±0.2 (p<0.05). Strabismus and diplopia were observed in 54% of cases. In the subgroup with step-by-step performed TEOD and LBOD, the increase in visual acuity was more pronounced and amounted to 74% (from 0.78±0.71 to 0.2±0.3 according to LogMAR, p<0.05), postoperative strabismus and diplopia remained at a high level - 40% of the number of surgical operations performed. The best results of improving visual functions were obtained in patients of the second subgroup with simultaneous TEOD and LBOD (balanced orbital decompression): the increase in visual acuity was 79% (from 0.57±0.47 to 0.12±0.2 according to LogMAR, p<0.05). In patients of this subgroup, strabismus develops less frequently (22% of the number of operated orbits).

CONCLUSION: Transnasal endoscopic decompression of the orbit in the inactive form of the disease is indicated for exophthalmos of more than 4-8 mm. In optical neuropathy, transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression is indicated regardless of the initial visual acuity of the patient and should be supplemented with lateral bone orbital decompression with visual acuity below 0.1. The obtained results allowed us to form an algorithm for surgical treatment of patients with endocrine ophthalmopathy and optical neuropathy using transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression as a surgical intervention.

PMID:35818940 | DOI:10.17116/otorino20228703113

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Transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression in the algorithm of surgical treatment of endocrine ophthalmopathy

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Vestn Otorinolaringol. 2022;87(3):13-18. doi: 10.17116/otorino20228703113.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for the use of transnasal endoscopic orbital decompression (TEOD) in endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP).MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of 225 TEODs are analyzed. 139 patients with EOP were under observation, who were divided into two groups. Group 1 included 64 patients with an inactive form of EOP,…

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