[Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis.]
Orthopade. 2011 Oct 28;
Authors: Quante M, Kesten H, Richter A, Halm H
INTRODUCTION: Degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a common cause of lumbal and lumbosacral pain as well as radicular pain. Retention and fusion is a good treatment option. Some patients have a symptomatic adjacent degenerative disc disease (DDD) in addition to DS. In these cases the adjacent segments should be fused as well. There are different techniques of fusion available, such as posterior with instrumentation or additional anterior support. This study evaluated results of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in patients with monosegmental DS and adjacent DDD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients with monosegmental DS and adjacent DDD were included into the study (all patients with bisegmental posterior instrumentation and fusion, 14 patients 1 level TLIF, 14 patients 2 level TLIF). Before surgery and 12 months after surgery the following measurements were made: pain (visual analog scale VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and plain radiographs with radiometric analysis. In a sub-analysis patients with 1 and 2 level TLIF were compared. RESULTS: Pain reduction (average VAS from 8.7-3.1) and ODI (63% to 28%) showed significant improvements. Radiometric analysis showed a significant disc height reconstruction and a significant reduction of spondylolisthesis (TLIF level with spondylolisthesis). Bisegmental anterior support showed a significantly better relordosation compared to monosegmental anterior support. The complication rate was 21.4% including hemorrhages, dura leakage, wound infection and adjacent segment degeneration. There were no fatal complications. DISCUSSION: The TLIF procedure is a safe and effective treatment for monosegmental DS with adjacent symptomatic DDD. Clinical results (pain, function) show no difference between both kinds of fusion (dorsal fusion and instrumentation versus dorsal fusion with instrumentation and TLIF) for the adjacent DDD. However, additional anterior support is more effective for relordosation of the segment. This could have impact on the mid-term and long-term outcome or in cases of adjacent segment fusion.
PMID: 22033696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]