19 Harley St, London, W1G 9QJ, UK

Torn disc in spine

Each disk has a centre called the nucleus pulposus. This nucleus is surrounded by a hard and fibrous outer layer called fibrous ring, formed by concentric bands of elastic fibres firmly adhered and oriented in various directions, which are firmly fixed to the upper and lower platforms of the overlying and underlying vertebrae. The external fibres have greater resistance than the internal fibres because at the edge of the platform they are integrated into the bone tissue of the vertebral body.
These discs can be damaged or broken due to trauma or exertion, which would cause compression of the spinal nerves and cause pain, numbness or weakness.

Origin of slipped discs

The rupture of the fibrous ring is preceded by an intradiscal fragmentation, which is the trigger mechanism. The structural deterioration of the disc begins at the beginning of adult life with dehydration, intradiscal fissures, fragmentation and subsequently the rupture of the ring from the innermost to the outer layers. The end result is a complete tear of the ring, and sometimes, of the herniated disc material. During this stage, the patient may have some symptoms, but since the inside of the disc is poorly innervated, the process of fragmentation and fissure formation is practically asymptomatic. When the outer ring, which is the innervated portion of the disc is affected, the pain becomes part of the problem.
When the disc is herniated, the pressure received by the ring is transferred to the nerve root and, in most cases, this situation causes root pain. At other times, when the ring breaks completely and the disc fragment invades the spinal canal, the stiffness improves but the radicular pain intensifies. However, the process of fragmentation, fissure and herniation is not always going to occur with pain or radiculitis.



The protrusion or exit of the nucleus pulposus of the disc that contains it causes a set of signs and symptoms depending on the segment of the column that is affected.
Not all herniated discs are necessarily symptomatic, the presence or absence of symptoms depends on the size, location and extent of the herniated disc material in relation to the spinal canal, as well as the involvement or not of nerve roots.

Lumbar disc herniation

Symptoms of lumbar disc herniation include pain that extends to the buttocks, legs and feet (called sciatica), may be accompanied by tingling or numbness in the legs or feet and muscle weakness.


Cervical hernia

In the involvement of the cervical region, patients report symptoms such as pain in the neck, shoulders, forearm or hand, tingling, pressure, lack of sensation in the fingers, and sometimes headaches and dizziness.


Dorsal region hernia

Patients with a condition in the dorsal region may report other symptoms, among which the following stand out back pain, tingling in the trunk, genitals or lower limbs, lack of strength and changes in touch in the lower limbs, abnormal urination or defecation, as well as changes in sexual activity.


You might also want to read: Spondylolysis

Doctors Specialising in Advanced Pain Management
Mr Mo Akmal MD
Mr Mo Akmal, MD, stands as a innovator in the ...
Mr Purnajyoti Banerjee
Mr. Purnajyoti Banerjee is a consultant in the field of ...

Related Posts

0/5 (0 Reviews)

Trusindex Reviews

London Spine Unit Harley Street Hospital

A Focus on High Quality Specialised Care

We are a specialist Private Hospital based on Harley Street, London UK The Harley Street Hospital, Day Surgery Hospital

We provide exclusive health services for individuals seeking Advanced medical, non-surgical or minimally invasive treatments. We are covered by All Insurance Companies apart from AXA PPP

Our Medical Director and Lead Spinal Surgeon Mr Mo Akmal MD is a world renowned Spine Specialist Consultant with over 20 years of experience. He and his team have developed revolutionary techniques to perform all types of Spinal Surgery as a Day Case procedure without traditional General Anaesthetic.

We are constantly improving our techniques for treatment and improving facilities for our patients.

Book your Appointment Now 
Check out our Reviews 
Check out our Patient Videos 
Check our Mr Akmal’s Profile


What our patients say ...

Torn disc | Back pain clinic
Arthritis Of Spine

Revolutionary Keyhole surgical technique to vaporise bulging discs

Dr Mo Akmal Medical Director
Dr Mo Akmal MD - Lead Spinal Surgeon

Laser Disc Surgery can be performed under local anaesthetic at The Harley Street Hospital.

Initial Consultation

with Consultant Spine Surgeon
£ 250
  • No Waiting Times
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion
  • Review of Previous Scans and Reports

Follow up Consultation

any appointment after initial consultation
£ 180
  • Top NHS affiliated Consultant
  • Includes Clinical Review and Report
  • Multidisciplinary discussion

High Resolution MRI Scan

any Single Region (3.0 Tesla)
£ 600
  • No waiting times
  • Includes Full Radiologist Report
  • Open or Closed MRI scan types
  • Copy of Scan on CD

Website Offer

Pre-Booked Online
£ 800
  • Initial Consultation
  • MRI Scan (Single Region)
  • Follow Up consultation
  • Same Day One Stop Visit
  • Full Medical and MRI scan Report
  • Copy of scan on CD

If you have any emergency Doctor’s need, simply call our 24 hour emergency

Your personal case manager will ensure that you receive the best possible care.

Call Now 

+44 844 589 2020
+44 203 973 8810