Occupational exposure and health problems among Polish denturists: a population-based study in Łódź province.
Int Dent J. 2016 Aug;66(4):237-46
Authors: Garus-Pakowska A, Leśniewska A, Gaszyńska E, Szatko F
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the potential health effects of occupational exposure of denturists in the Łódź province.
METHODS: The survey was performed among 103 denturists working in 24 dental laboratories in the Łódź province using the questionnaire prepared by the authors.
RESULTS: The most common health problems associated with work (occurring daily or at least once a week) were: back pain (69.8%); chronic fatigue syndrome (61.6%); irritation, itching and rashes on the hands (51.2%); restlessness and aggression (43.0%); and watery and itchy eyes (41.9%). Psychosocial and ergonomic hazards associated with work organisation (72.2%) were the most common work environment factors related to the denturist profession.
CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of denturists’ occupational exposure in the Łódź province and epidemiological estimates of the health effects suggest the need for preventive measures.
PMID: 27000468 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Oral health screening: feasibility and reliability of the oral health assessment tool as used by speech pathologists.
Int Dent J. 2016 Jun;66(3):178-89
Authors: Simpelaere IS, Van Nuffelen G, Vanderwegen J, Wouters K, De Bodt M
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and reliability of the Oral Health Assessment Tool (OHAT) as used by speech pathologists, to become part of a comprehensive clinical swallowing examination.
METHODS: A multicentre study in 132 elderly subjects was conducted by speech pathologists. The inter-rater, test-retest and intra-rater reliabilities of the OHAT were assessed in R statistics, version 3.0.1. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were used for the total OHAT, and Kappa statistics were used for the individual categories.
RESULTS: Total OHAT scores showed good inter-rater (ICC = 0.96), intra-rater (ICC ≥ 0.95) and test-retest (ICC ≥ 0.78) agreement. The inter-rater Kappa statistics were almost perfect (κ ≥ 0.83) for seven of the eight individual categories of the OHAT and perfect for ‘dental pain’ (κ = 1.00). The test-retest Kappa statistics indicated excellent agreement for ‘natural teeth’ and ‘dentures’ (κ ≥ 0.86). The intra-rater per cent agreement was excellent for all categories except ‘gums and tissues’.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to examine the feasibility and reliability of the OHAT as used by speech pathologists. As the results showed both good feasibility and reliability, the OHAT has the potential to add to the clinical swallowing examination. However, future research investigating actual referral strategies and adaptation of care strategies following assessment with OHAT is needed.
PMID: 26853437 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]