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[Three cases of lung cancer presenting with spinal cord paralysis as the initial manifestation-symptom control, nursing care, and coordination of home medical care].

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[Three cases of lung cancer presenting with spinal cord paralysis as the initial manifestation-symptom control, nursing care, and coordination of home medical care].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2013 Dec;40 Suppl 2:188-90

Authors: Isono H, Hayakawa N, Inoue A, Onose A

Abstract
Bone metastasis from lung cancer accounts for approximately 30% of all metastatic bone tumors. The median survival time of patients with stage IV lung cancer with bone metastases is 5.5 months and that of patients without bone metastases is 7.5 months. Here, we report 3 cases of spinal cord paralysis. All cases were assessed according to the Tokuhashi score. As the predicted survival time of these patients was < or = 6 months, we opted for conservative treatment. We administered chemotherapy and radiation therapy, ensured symptom control, provided nursing care (prevention of decubitus, position changing, defecation control, rehabilitation, and mental health care), and coordinated home medical care. Patient management was mediated by a multidisciplinary medical team. However, all 3 patients were unable to return home and died in the hospital within 1-2 months after the onset of spinal cord paralysis. Spinal metastases can be expected not only in patients with lung cancer but also in patients with other types of carcinomas. Early diagnosis and treatment and accurate prognosis prediction are essential. Rapid responses and cooperation from experts are required, and increased awareness regarding spinal metastases among health professionals is essential.

PMID: 24712141 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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