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The effects of topping-off instrumentation on biomechanics of sacroiliac joint after lumbosacral fusion – Lumbar Fusion

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The article investigates the biomechanical effects of topping-off instrumentation on the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) after lumbosacral fusion. The study used a finite element model to compare the range of motion (ROM), stress distribution, and ligament strain at the SIJ between fusion models and topping-off models. The results showed that the topping-off model had higher ROM, stress, and ligament strain at the SIJ compared to the fusion model. This suggests that topping-off surgery may increase the risks of SIJ degeneration and pain compared to fusion alone

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
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Published article

CONCLUSIONS: Motion, stress, and ligament strain at SIJ increase when supplementing lumbosacral fusion with topping-off devices, suggesting that topping-off surgery may be associated with higher risks of SIJ degeneration and pain than fusion alone.

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Comput Biol Med. 2023 Aug 13;164:107357. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2023.107357. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Lumbar/lumbosacral fusion supplemented with topping-off devices has been proposed with the aim of avoiding adjacent segment degeneration proximal to the fusion construct. However, it remains unclear how the biomechanics of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) are altered after topping-off surgery. The objective of this,

Comput Biol Med. 2023 Aug 13;164:107357. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2023.107357. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lumbar/lumbosacral fusion supplemented with topping-off devices has been proposed with the aim of avoiding adjacent segment degeneration proximal to the fusion construct. However, it remains unclear how the biomechanics of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) are altered after topping-off surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate the biomechanical effects of topping-off instrumentation on SIJ after lumbosacral fusion.

METHODS: The validated finite element model of an intact lumbar spine-pelvis segment was modified to simulate L5-S1 interbody fusion fixed with a pedicle screw system. An interspinous spacer, Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM), was used as a topping-off device and placed between interspinous processes of the L4 and L5 segments. Range of motion (ROM), von-Mises stress distribution, and ligament strain at SIJ were compared between fusion (without DIAM) and topping-off (fusion with DIAM) models under moments of four physiological motions.

RESULTS: ROM at the left and right SIJs in the topping-off model was higher by 26.9% and 27.5% in flexion, 16.8% and 16.1% in extension, 18.8% and 15.8% in lateral bending, and 3.7% and 7.4% in axial rotation, respectively, compared to those in the fusion model. The predicted stress and strain data showed that under all physiological loads, the topping-off model exhibited higher stress and ligament strain at the SIJs than the fusion model.

CONCLUSIONS: Motion, stress, and ligament strain at SIJ increase when supplementing lumbosacral fusion with topping-off devices, suggesting that topping-off surgery may be associated with higher risks of SIJ degeneration and pain than fusion alone.

PMID:37586205 | DOI:10.1016/j.compbiomed.2023.107357

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The effects of topping-off instrumentation on biomechanics of sacroiliac joint after lumbosacral fusion

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Comput Biol Med. 2023 Aug 13;164:107357. doi: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2023.107357. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Lumbar/lumbosacral fusion supplemented with topping-off devices has been proposed with the aim of avoiding adjacent segment degeneration proximal to the fusion construct. However, it remains unclear how the biomechanics of the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) are altered after topping-off surgery. The objective of this

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