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The effects of psychological distress after surgery in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion – Lumbar Fusion

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The study evaluated psychological distress in patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion surgery pre-operatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months post-surgery. The results showed that 23% of patients reported psychological distress, which decreased significantly over time after surgery. Patients with psychological distress experienced improvement in pain, disability, and overall functioning post-surgery, similar to patients without psychological distress. The study emphasizes the importance of considering psychological factors in patients undergoing surgery and recommends appropriate screening and interventions for those experiencing distress

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : top spinal facility in UK

Published article

S: Patients with psychological distress may experience surgical intervention benefits equal to those of ordinary patients. Moreover, reduced pain and disability after surgical intervention may also alleviate psychological distress. Hence, we highly recommend that patients with psychological distress undergo surgical intervention as normal patients do, but appropriate screening measures and interventions are necessary.

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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2024 Apr 13;25(1):289. doi: 10.1186/s12891-024-07364-7. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychological distress pre-operatively, at 3, 6, and 12 months in patients who underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery. METHODS: A total of 440 patients received instrumented lumbar spine fusion were enrolled. Psychological distress was evaluated using the,

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2024 Apr 13;25(1):289. doi: 10.1186/s12891-024-07364-7.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychological distress pre-operatively, at 3, 6, and 12 months in patients who underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery.

METHODS: A total of 440 patients received instrumented lumbar spine fusion were enrolled. Psychological distress was evaluated using the Modified Somatic Perception Questionnaire (MSPQ) and the Modified Zung Depressive Index (ZDI). The results of lumbar fusion surgery were evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA-29), and the visual analog scale (VAS).

RESULTS: Psychological distress was reported among 23% of patients and 7, 5.5, and 4.0% of the patients preoperatively, at 3, 6, and 12 months after lumbar surgery, respectively. The mean MSPQ score decreased from 8.78 (before surgery) to 4.30, 3.52, and 3.43 at 3, 6 and 12 months in after surgery, respectively, in patients with psychological distress patients (p < 0.001). The mean ZDI score decreased from 17.78 to 12.48, 10.35, and 9.61 (p < 0.001). The mean ODI score decreased from 22.91 to 11.78, 10.13, and 9.96 (P < 0.001). The mean JOA score increased from 13.65 to 22.30, 23.43, and 23.61 (P < 0.001). The mean low back pain (LBP) VAS score decreased from 4.48 to 1.96, 1.52, and 1.51 (P < 0.001); moreover, the mean leg pain (LP) VAS score decreased from 5.30 to 1.30, 1.04, and 1.03 (P < 0.001).

S: Patients with psychological distress may experience surgical intervention benefits equal to those of ordinary patients. Moreover, reduced pain and disability after surgical intervention may also alleviate psychological distress. Hence, we highly recommend that patients with psychological distress undergo surgical intervention as normal patients do, but appropriate screening measures and interventions are necessary.

PMID:38614982 | DOI:10.1186/s12891-024-07364-7

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The effects of psychological distress after surgery in patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion

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BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2024 Apr 13;25(1):289. doi: 10.1186/s12891-024-07364-7. ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychological distress pre-operatively, at 3, 6, and 12 months in patients who underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery. METHODS: A total of 440 patients received instrumented lumbar spine fusion were enrolled. Psychological distress was evaluated using the

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