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The association between disability and physical performance, pain intensity, and pain-related anxiety in patients after lumbar decompression surgery: a cross-sectional study – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

The article explored the association between disability and physical performance, pain, and pain-related anxiety in patients after lumbar decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. The study included 80 patients who completed various assessments such as the visual analog scale, Oswestry Disability Index, and Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20, as well as physical performance tests. The results showed a significant association between disability and pain-related anxiety, as well as the functional reach test and the modified Sorensen test scores. However, no significant association was found between disability and pain intensity, timed up and go test, and 6-minute walking test scores. The authors concluded that pain-related anxiety should be considered in rehabilitation programs after lumbar decompression surgery, and the evaluation of all aspects of physical performance is recommended

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
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Published article

CONCLUSION: Pain-related anxiety should be considered in the rehabilitation programs after lumbar decompression surgery. The evaluation of all aspects of physical performance following lumbar decompression surgery is also recommended.

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J Orthop Surg Res. 2023 Dec 13;18(1):961. doi: 10.1186/s13018-023-04462-5.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Most patients with lumbar spinal stenosis improve significantly within 6 months of lumbar decompression surgery, however, unfavorable long-term disability may persist in some patients. It was unclear which potential influencing factors were more likely to be associated with disability. This study aimed to assess the association,

J Orthop Surg Res. 2023 Dec 13;18(1):961. doi: 10.1186/s13018-023-04462-5.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most patients with lumbar spinal stenosis improve significantly within 6 months of lumbar decompression surgery, however, unfavorable long-term disability may persist in some patients. It was unclear which potential influencing factors were more likely to be associated with disability. This study aimed to assess the association between disability and physical performance, pain, and pain-related anxiety in patients after lumbar decompression surgery.

METHODS: Patients who underwent decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis were included. Participants completed the visual analog scale, Oswestry Disability Index, and Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 to collect pain intensity, disability, and pain-related anxiety information. For physical performance assessment, participants performed timed up and go (TUG), functional reach test (FRT), 6-min walking test, and modified Sorensen test, 6-12 months after lumbar decompression surgery. The associations were examined with bivariate and multivariable linear regression analyses.

RESULTS: A total of 80 patients were included. A significant association between disability and pain-related anxiety, the FRT, and the modified Sorensen test scores was confirmed in multivariable analyses. Both bivariate (r = – 0.75) and multivariable (β = 0.60, 95% CI, 0.24, 0.54; P = 0.00) analyses confirmed that pain-related anxiety was the strongest indicator of disability. The association between disability and pain intensity, TUG, and 6-min walking test scores was not confirmed.

CONCLUSION: Pain-related anxiety should be considered in the rehabilitation programs after lumbar decompression surgery. The evaluation of all aspects of physical performance following lumbar decompression surgery is also recommended.

PMID:38093340 | DOI:10.1186/s13018-023-04462-5

The London Spine Unit : most specialised spinal centre in UK

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The association between disability and physical performance, pain intensity, and pain-related anxiety in patients after lumbar decompression surgery: a cross-sectional study

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J Orthop Surg Res. 2023 Dec 13;18(1):961. doi: 10.1186/s13018-023-04462-5.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Most patients with lumbar spinal stenosis improve significantly within 6 months of lumbar decompression surgery, however, unfavorable long-term disability may persist in some patients. It was unclear which potential influencing factors were more likely to be associated with disability. This study aimed to assess the association

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