Discectomy

By Jaimig Aljorna

Discectomy is a surgery performed to remove all or part of a pad that helps protect the spine. These pads, called discs, separate the bones of the spine (vertebrae). A surgeon can perform the removal of the disc (discectomy) in different ways: Microdiscectomy: This procedure is still the preferred treatment due to its simplicity, low-…

Laminectomy

By Jaimig Aljorna

Laminectomy is a surgery to remove part of a vertebra of the spine. Lamina is the specific removed part. This structure is the roof of the spinal canal that gives support and protection for the backside of the spinal cord. However, it is often performed in order to remove a broken disc between the vertebrae.…

Knee osteotomy

By Jaimig Aljorna

Knee osteotomy is commonly used to realign the structure of the knee if it suffers damage caused by osteoarthritis on only one side of the knee. The goal is to shift the weight of the body away from the damaged area to the other side of the knee, where the cartilage is still healthy. Osteotomy…

Burst fracture

By Jaimig Aljorna

Fractures of the spine are very frequent. The majority of traumatic vertebral fractures are located in the thoracic spine (80%). A burst fracture is a descriptive term for a spinal cord injury in which the vertebral body is very compressed. It usually occurs due to serious trauma, such as a vehicular accident, or a fall…

Spinal shock

By Jaimig Aljorna

The spinal cord is a nervous structure located in the spine. Its function is to transport information between the brain and the body. Along with the brain, it forms the so-called central nervous system. It is responsible, through the 31 pairs of spinal nerves, to transmit different sensations from the body to the brain. Consequently,…

Slipped Disc

By Jaimig Aljorna

A slipped disc is a herniation or leakage of the content of the vertebral disc (nucleus pulposus) outward. As a consequence, it compresses different structures such as nerves or nerve roots causing low back pain. This herniation of the nucleus pulposus can compress either the marrow or the nerve root found on either side of…

Cervical spinal stenosis

By Jaimig Aljorna

Spinal stenosis consists of a narrowing of the spinal canal, which puts pressure on the spinal cord. Specifically, cervical spinal stenosis refers to narrowing in the upper part of the spinal cord. Who does this disease affect? It is a condition that generally affects people over 50. Individuals become more prone to develop spinal stenosis…

Facet Joint Injection

By Jaimig Aljorna

Facet joint injection consists of injecting a steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and/or an anaesthetic in the facet joint. The goal is to reduce inflammation and pain originating in the facet joint. What are the facet joints? The facet joints are located between the vertebrae. There are 2 facet joints between each pair of vertebrae. These joints…

Lumbar Disc Replacement Surgery

By Jaimig Aljorna

Lumbar disc replacement is a surgical option for some people with degenerative disc disease.   When do doctors recommend it? The 24 bones of the spine (called vertebrae) distribute in the form of a column. The vertebrae support and protect the spinal cord and its numerous nerves. The soft discs between each vertebral bone allow…

Artificial Disc Replacement

By Jaimig Aljorna

The age, the genetics, the wear and tear, of the daily routines, throughout the time, can contribute to the damage and the degeneration of the discs that cushion the bones of the spine (vertebrae). To treat degenerative disc disease, doctors usually start with conservative medical treatments (without surgery). When conservative therapy fails, other approaches, perhaps…