Benign neurological recovery with low recurrence and low peridural fibrosis rate in pediatric disc herniations after lumbar microdiscectomy.

By London Spine
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Benign neurological recovery with low recurrence and low peridural fibrosis rate in pediatric disc herniations after lumbar microdiscectomy.

Pediatr Neurosurg. 2011;47(6):417-22

Authors: Çelik S, Göksu K, Çelik SE, Emir CB

Abstract
Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a very rare clinical entity in the pediatric age group, therefore only a few clinical studies have until now investigated the clinical behavior of pediatric LDH. The natural clinical history, postoperative neurological recovery with radiological follow-up and quality of life related to the disorder continue to be unknown. We prospectively planned and designed two groups of LDH patients scheduled for surgery in this study. The operations were performed by the same surgeon in a randomized fashion. The first group consisted of pediatric patients and the second group of adult patients. Both groups contained 32 cases. Postoperative neurological recovery was assessed using the visual analog scale and Aberdeen Low Back Pain Scale. Postoperative peridural fibrosis was also evaluated in postcontrast magnetic resonance sections. After 3 years of follow-up, all parameters were significantly better in the pediatric LDH group with no recurrence of the disease. The pediatric LDH group was postoperatively better than the adult group both clinically and radiologically. Although LDH seems a catastrophic disease in the pediatric age group, the clinical picture and neurological recovery have a significantly more benign course than in adult patients even in operated cases.

PMID: 22776976 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Effect of timing of surgery on neurological outcome and survival in metastatic spinal cord compression.

By London Spine
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Effect of timing of surgery on neurological outcome and survival in metastatic spinal cord compression.

Eur Spine J. 2012 Dec 30;

Authors: Quraishi NA, Rajagopal TS, Manoharan SR, Elsayed S, Edwards KL, Boszczyk BM

Abstract
PURPOSE: Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) requires expeditious treatment. While there is no ambiguity in the literature about the urgency of care for patients with MSCC, the effect of timing of surgical intervention has not been investigated in detail. The objective of our study was to investigate whether or not the ‘timing of surgery’ is an important factor in survival and neurological outcome in patients with MSCC. METHODS: All patients with MSCC presenting to our unit from October 2005 to March 2010 were included in this study. Patients were divided into three groups-those who underwent surgery within 24 h (Group 1, n = 45), between 24 and 48 h (Group 2, n = 23) and after 48 h (Group 3, n = 53) from acute presentation of neurological symptoms. The outcome measures studied were neurological outcome (change in Frankel grade post-operatively), survival (survival rate and median survival in days), incidence of infection, length of stay and complications. RESULTS: Patients’ age, gender, revised Tokuhashi score, level of spinal metastasis and primary tumour type were not significantly different between the three groups. Greatest improvement in neurology was observed in Group 1, although not significantly when compared against Group 2 (24-48 h; (p = 0.09). When comparisons of neurological outcome were performed for all patients having surgery within 48 h (Groups 1 and 2) versus after 48 h (Group 3), the Frankel grade improvement was significant (p = 0.048) favouring surgery within 48 h of presentation. There was a negative correlation (-0.17) between the delay in surgery and the immediate neurological improvement, suggesting less improvement in those who had delayed surgery. There was no difference in length of hospital stay, incidence of infection, post-operative complications or survival between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that surgery should be performed sooner rather than later. Furthermore, earlier surgical treatment within 48 h in patients with MSCC resulted in significantly better neurological outcome. However, the timing of surgery did not influence length of hospital stay, complication rate or patient survival.

PMID: 23275041 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]