[Adjacent segment movement after monosegmental total disc replacement and monosegmental fusion of segments L4/5].

By London Spine
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[Adjacent segment movement after monosegmental total disc replacement and monosegmental fusion of segments L4/5].

Orthopade. 2013 Feb;42(2):81-9

Authors: Däxle M, Kocak T, Lattig F, Reichel H, Cakir B

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Preservation of movement at the treated segment and possible reduction of adjacent segment effects is assumed to be an advantage of non-fusion technologies over fusion. The aim of this study was to compare the segmental range of motion (ROM) at the operative level, the cranial and caudal adjacent levels and the global lumbar spine ROM (L2-S1) after monosegmental fusion and total disc replacement (TDR).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radiographic data was collected from 27 patients with level 1 degenerative disc disease operated at level L4/5. The ROM was assessed at the index level (L4/5), the cranial and caudal adjacent level and for the lumbar spine (L2-S1).
RESULTS: In the TDR group no significant changes of lumbar spine ROM (L2-S1) and segmental ROM (index level, cranial and caudal adjacent level) were noticed. In the fusion group there was a significant reduction of lumbar ROM (L2-S1) and index level ROM. Additionally the relative ROM in the adjacent caudal segment significantly increased while no changes were seen in the cranial segment.
CONCLUSION: The relative ROM was significantly increased in monosegmental fusion at level L4/5 compared to TDR. To what extent this fact may result in early adjacent segment degeneration in cases of fusion compared to TDR is still unknown.

PMID: 23381895 [PubMed – in process]

Long-Term Outcome After Monosegmental L4/5 Stabilization for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With the Dynesys Device.

By London Spine
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Long-Term Outcome After Monosegmental L4/5 Stabilization for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With the Dynesys Device.

J Spinal Disord Tech. 2012 Oct 16;

Authors: Hoppe S, Schwarzenbach O, Aghayev E, Bonel H, Berlemann U

Abstract
STUDY DESIGN:: retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical data. OBJECTIVE:: To assess the long-term outcome of patients with monosegmental L4/5 degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with the dynamic Dynesys device. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: The Dynesys® system has been used as a semirigid, lumbar dorsal pedicular stabilization device since 1994. Good short-term results have been reported, but little is known about the long-term outcome following treatment for degenerative spondylolisthesis at the L4/5 level. METHODS:: 39 consecutive patients with symptomatic degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis at the L4/5 level were treated with bilateral decompression and Dynesys instrumentation. At a mean follow-up of 7.2 years (range 5.0-11.2▒y) they underwent clinical and radiographic evaluation and quality of life assessment. RESULTS:: At final follow-up back pain improved in 89% and leg pain improved in 86% of patients compared to preoperative status. 83% of patients reported global subjective improvement. 92% would undergo the surgery again. 8 patients (21%) required further surgery due to symptomatic adjacent segment disease (6 cases), late onset infection (1 case), and screw breakage (1 case). In 9 cases radiological progression of spondylolisthesis at the operated segment was found. 74% of operated segments showed limited flexion-extension range of less than 4°. Adjacent segment pathology, though without clinical correlation, was diagnosed at the L5/S1 (17.9%) and L3/4 (28.2%) segments. In 4 cases asymptomatic screw loosening was observed. CONCLUSION:: Monosegmental Dynesys instrumentation of degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4/5 shows good long-term results. The rate of secondary surgeries is comparable to other dorsal instrumentation devices. Residual range of motion in the stabilized segment is reduced, and the rate of radiological and symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration is low. Patient satisfaction is high. Dynesys stabilization of symptomatic L4/5 degenerative spondylolisthesis is a possible alternative to other stabilization devices.

PMID: 23075857 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]