[Management of spinal cord compression in Togo].

By London Spine
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[Management of spinal cord compression in Togo].

Med Sante Trop. 2013 May 1;23(2):206-10

Authors: Kassegne I, Sakiye K, Kanassoua K, Beketi AK, Badiane SB, Balogou KA

Abstract
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of spinal cord compression at the Lomé-Campus teaching hospital.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the files of all patients hospitalized for spinal cord compression at Lome-Campus teaching hospital from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2007.
RESULTS: 39 files were selected, mostly of men (77%). The mean age was 53 years (range: 22 to 79). Median time from the start of symptoms to hospital admission was 14.9 ± 24.5 weeks. The spinal cord compression was confirmed by myeloscan in 35 cases (90%), myelography in 2 (5%) and magnetic resonance imaging in 2 cases (5%). The thoracic spine was the most common site of involvement. The principal cause was malignant neoplasm (17 cases: 44%), followed by cervical spondylotic myelopathy (9 cases: 23%) and Pott’s disease (7 cases: 18%). Only one patient underwent surgery.
CONCLUSION: Spinal cord compression appears to be a rare condition in Togo. It is a true medical emergency and immediate intervention is required. Its management remains precarious and its prognosis poor.

PMID: 23816856 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]