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Tag: Eur J Surg Oncol

Follow-up after curative surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Asymptomatic recurrence is associated with improved survival.

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Follow-up after curative surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Asymptomatic recurrence is associated with improved survival.

Eur J Surg Oncol. 2013 Mar 13;

Authors: Nordby T, Hugenschmidt H, Fagerland MW, Ikdahl T, Buanes T, Labori KJ

Abstract
AIM: There is no consensus on the optimal follow-up schedule of patients after surgery for pancreatic cancer. In this retrospective study, recurrence and survival were investigated for patients presenting with either symptomatic or asymptomatic recurrence. Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics that predicted the length of postrecurrence survival were identified. METHODS: Clinical records of 164 patients who underwent a pancreatic resection (R0/R1) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma from January 2000 to December 2010 were retrieved. Patients underwent a systematic follow-up program. Patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were compared between patients with asymptomatic and symptomatic recurrence. RESULTS: Of 164 consecutive patients, 144 patients (88%) had recurrence (29 asymptomatic, 115 symptomatic). The most frequent reported symptoms were abdominal pain, fatigue/weakness, back pain, weight loss, nausea/loss of appetite and jaundice. Median time to recurrence was 12.0 months for asymptomatic and 7.0 months for symptomatic patients (P = 0.036). Median postrecurrence survival was 10.0 months for asymptomatic and 4.0 months for symptomatic patients (P < 0.0001). Median overall survival was 24.5 months for asymptomatic and 11.0 months for symptomatic patients (P < 0.0001). Symptomatic recurrence, disease free survival <12 months, and no adjuvant chemotherapy were the only independent predictors of poor postrecurrence survival. 72% of asymptomatic and 37% of symptomatic patients received oncological treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with asymptomatic pancreatic cancer recurrence have improved recurrence-free, postrecurrence and overall survival. Symptoms when recurrence is diagnosed are a good surrogate marker of biological aggressiveness. Detection of asymptomatic recurrence may facilitate patient eligibility for investigational studies or other forms of treatment.

PMID: 23498362 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]