Neuropeptide Y is analgesic in rats after plantar incision.

By London Spine
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Neuropeptide Y is analgesic in rats after plantar incision.

Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Jan 5;698(1-3):206-12

Authors: Yalamuri SM, Brennan TJ, Spofford CM

Abstract
Previous work has demonstrated that neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY), Y(1) receptor and Y(2) receptor are critical in modulation of pain after nerve injury. We hypothesized that NPY was important for nociception after surgical incision. As a model of postoperative pain, rats underwent a plantar incision in one hindpaw. Western blots were used to quantify changes in protein expression of NPY, Y(1) receptor and Y(2) receptor after incision in skin, muscle, and dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Pain-related behaviors were tested after incision in rats treated with intrathecal NPY, Y(1) receptor antagonist (BIBO3304–Chemical Name: N-[(1R)-1-[[[[4-[[(Aminocarbonyl)amino]methyl]phenyl]methyl]amino]carbonyl]-4-[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]butyl]-α-phenyl-benzeneacetamide ditrifluoroacetate), Y(2) receptor antagonist (BIIE0246–Chemical Name: N-[(1S)-4-[(Aminoiminomethyl)amino]-1-[[[2-(3,5-dioxo-1,2-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazolidin-4-yl)ethyl]amino]carbonyl]butyl]-1-[2-[4-(6,11-dihydro-6-oxo-5H-dibenz[b,e]azepin-11-yl)-1-piperazinyl]-2-oxoethyl]-cyclopentaneacetamide), combined NPY+antagonists, morphine, or vehicle. Pain behaviors were tested after incision in rats treated with locally applied intraplantar injections of NPY, Y(1) receptor and Y(2) receptor antagonists or vehicle. NPY protein expression was significantly downregulated in muscle for two days after incision. In contrast, Y(1) receptor and Y(2) receptor protein expression was upregulated in both skin and muscle. A single intrathecal injection of NPY reduced cumulative guarding pain scores, as did morphine. The intrathecal administration of Y(2) receptor antagonist also reduced pain scores; findings that were not observed when drugs were administered locally. Intrathecal Y(2) receptor antagonists and NPY improved mechanical threshold and heat withdrawal latency 2h after incision. Intrathecal administration of NPY and/or central blockade of Y(2) receptor attenuated pain behaviors early after incision (postoperative day (POD) 1-2). Y(1) receptor antagonist administration blocked the anti-hyperalgesic effect of NPY. Together these data suggest a role for spinal NPY in postoperative pain.

PMID: 23123350 [PubMed – in process]