Simultaneous anti-angiogenic therapy and single-fraction radiosurgery in clinically relevant metastases from renal cell carcinoma.

By London Spine

Simultaneous anti-angiogenic therapy and single-fraction radiosurgery in clinically relevant metastases from renal cell carcinoma.

BJU Int. 2011 Sep;108(5):673-8

Authors: Staehler M, Haseke N, Nuhn P, Tüllmann C, Karl A, Siebels M, Stief CG, Wowra B, Muacevic A

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: • To analyse the safety and efficacy of simultaneous standard anti-angiogenic therapy and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with spinal and cerebral metastases from renal cell carcinoma.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: • In all, 106 patients with spinal (n= 55) or cerebral (n= 51) metastatic lesions and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group status of 0 or 1 were treated with sorafenib or sunitinib and simultaneous SRS. • The primary endpoint was local control. • Secondary endpoints were toxicity and overall survival.
RESULTS: • Median follow up was 14.7 months (range 1-42 months). Forty-five patients were treated with sunitinb and 61 patients with sorafenib. Two patients had asymptomatic tumour haemorrhage after SRS. • No skin toxicity, neurotoxicity or myelopathy occurred after SRS, and SRS did not alter the adverse effects of anti-angiogenic therapy. • Local tumour control 15 months after SRS was 98% (95% confidence interval 89-99%). The median pain score before SRS was 5 (range 1-8) and was lowered to 0 (range 0-2, P < 0.01) after SRS. There were no treatment-related deaths or late complications after SRS. • Overall survival was 17.4 months in patients with spinal lesions and 11.1 month in patients with cerebral lesions (P= 0.038).
CONCLUSIONS: • Simultaneous systemic anti-angiogenic therapy and SRS for selected patients with renal cell carcinoma who have spinal and cerebral metastases is safe and effective. • Single-fraction delivery allows for efficacious integration of focal radiation treatment into oncological treatment concepts without additional toxicity. • Further studies are needed to determine the limits of SRS for renal cell carcinoma metastases outside the brain and spine.

PMID: 21156017 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]