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Tag: Altern Ther Health Med

Delayed Spontaneous Resorption of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation: A Case Report.

By Kamruz Zaman
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Delayed Spontaneous Resorption of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation: A Case Report.

Altern Ther Health Med. 2017 Oct 21;:

Authors: Jung YJ, Shin JS, Lee J, Lee YJ, Kim MR, Ha IH

Abstract
Background • Large intervertebral disc herniation is often managed with surgery, but it is not uncommon for spontaneous resorption of herniated disc material to occur. Although the majority of spontaneous disc resorption occurs in the acute phase, an unusual case of delayed intervertebral disc regression at 18 mo postonset is presented. Case Presentation • A 32-y-old female patient presented with acute low-back pain and pain in both legs a Korean medicine hospital specializing in spinal disorders. Massive intervertebral disc herniation was found on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and inguinal and genital pain and numbness was suggestive of risk of cauda equina syndrome. Although she was recommended for surgery, the patient steadfastly refused surgical intervention and continued to receive nonsurgical Korean medicine treatment. Imaging studies including computed tomography scans and MRIs were taken in consideration of possible spontaneous disc regression at 3 and 6 mo, and 1 y after onset of symptoms with no initial disc resorption. However, delayed spontaneous regression of most of the herniated disc material was observed at 18 mo, and the majority of pain symptoms and functional disability recovered up to 2 y postonset. Conclusions • Delayed intervertebral disc resorption was observed in a case of large disc herniation well past the acute phase, and there was noticeable time difference in resolution on MRI and subsequent improvement in pain and functional recovery.

PMID: 29055285 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Immediate Effects of Osteopathic Treatment Versus Therapeutic Exercise on Patients With Chronic Cervical Pain.

By Kamruz Zaman
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Immediate Effects of Osteopathic Treatment Versus Therapeutic Exercise on Patients With Chronic Cervical Pain.

Altern Ther Health Med. 2017 Nov 14;:

Authors: Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea X, Setuain I, Ramírez-Velez R, Andersen LL, González-Izal M, Jauregi A, Izquierdo M

Abstract
Context • Alternatives to medication for immediate pain relief are needed because long-term use of pain medication has been associated with adverse effects. High-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation techniques (MTs) and craniocervical flexion (CCF) exercises have been frequently used in the management of chronic cervical pain. Objective • The study intended to compare the immediate effects on pain of a treatment using HVLA manipulation versus one using a CCF exercise protocol. Design • The research team designed a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial. Setting • The study was conducted at osteopathic clinics. Participants • Participants were 25 volunteer patients with chronic neck pain. Intervention • Participants were randomly enrolled in one of 2 groups: the HVLA manipulation group (MT group), n = 12, or the CCF exercise protocol group (CCF group), n = 13. Participants in the CCF group performed the exercise for 10 repetitions of a 10-s duration, with a 10-s rest interval between each contraction, for a total contraction time of 100 s and a total time of the session of 190 s. Outcome Measures • The outcomes were measured at baseline and at 60 s postintervention. The measures included (1) a visual analogue scale (VAS) completed during range of motion (ROM) measurement, (2) an evaluation of the ROM of the cervical spine, (3) a test of pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), and (4) electromyographic (EMG) activation of sternocleidomastoid muscle during a craniocervical flexion test. Results • Following both interventions, significant changes were found between baseline and immediately postintervention in the VAS score during ROM measurement for both groups, with P = .004 and P = .015, respectively. In the MT group, the measures for flexion (P = .001), right-side bending (P = .002), and left rotation (P = .005) changed significantly between baseline and postintervention; however, only flexion (P = .026) and extension (P = .040) ROM changed significantly between baseline and postintervention in the CCF group. Significant changes were observed in upper trapezius PPT following both interventions-MT group, P = .043, and CCF group, P = .005. In addition, significant changes in C5 PPT had occurred in the CCR group (P = .020). Between-group differences were significant for extension and right-side-bending ROM, with P = .019 and P = .012, respectively, and the changes between baseline and postintervention were greater in the MT group. None of the interventions led to changes in EMG. Conclusions • Although both interventions were associated with immediately improved ROM and pain after treatment, HVLA manipulation was more effective than CCF exercise in improving ROM and VAS during ROM. None of the interventions led to changes in EMG.

PMID: 29135458 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

A randomized, controlled trial of acupuncture for chronic low-back pain.

By wp_zaman
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A randomized, controlled trial of acupuncture for chronic low-back pain.

Altern Ther Health Med. 2014 May-Jun;20(3):13-9

Authors: Bahrami-Taghanaki H, Liu Y, Azizi H, Khorsand A, Esmaily H, Bahrami A, Xiao Zhao B

Abstract
Background • Chronic low-back pain (cLBP) is a common condition throughout the world, and acupuncture is widely sought for treatment. As clinical evidence for the benefits of acupuncture grows, acupuncture for cLBP is receiving increased recognition and acceptance by both patients and professionals. Time method acupuncture has been previously researched with respect to chronic gastritis. Objective • For individuals with cLBP in the current study, the research team examined the efficacy of adding confluent acupoints, related to the daytime period in time method acupuncture, to regular acupuncture and also evaluated the persistence of the benefits of such acupuncture in comparison with regular acupuncture. Design • The study was a randomized, controlled trial (RCT). Setting • The setting was an outpatient clinic of the Dongzhimen Hospital in Beijing, China. Participants • Participants were Chinese men and women with cLBP. Intervention • Sixty participants were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive acupuncture. The control group received a treatment that followed a routine acupuncture (RA) protocol, while the intervention group received a treatment that followed an RA protocol plus acupuncture in confluent points related to time (TA). Outcome Measures • The research team measured the change in participants’ scores using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the number of therapy sessions needed, the number of days that participants were absent from work during the treatment period and at 12 wk posttreatment, and the number of pain relapses between the end of treatment and the 4- and 12-wk follow-ups. Results • VAS scores decreased from 69.6 ± 7.9 to 11.8 ± 4.9 in the intervention group compared with a decrease from 69.2 ± 8.0 to 15.7 ± 10.0 in the control group (P = .001). The intervention group received fewer therapy sessions (8.1 ± 2.0) than did the control group (10.1 ± 2.0, P < .001). Compared with the controls, the intervention group showed fewer days absent from work (0.5 vs 1.4; P = .03) and fewer pain relapses (4.0 vs 7.0; P = .04) at the 12-wk follow-up. In the 2 groups combined, VAS decreased from 69.4 ± 7.9 before the first session of acupuncture to 13.8 ± 8.0 after the last session (P < .001), and the number of therapy sessions needed for pain relief was 9.1 ± 2.2. Conclusion • Accompanying routine acupuncture with time method acupuncture can enhance the efficacy of treatment and the persistence of its benefits in individuals with cLBP.

PMID: 24755566 [PubMed – in process]