Anti-allodynic effects of intrathecally and intracerebroventricularly administered 26RFa, an intrinsic agonist for GRP103, in the rat partial sciatic nerve ligation model.

By London Spine

Anti-allodynic effects of intrathecally and intracerebroventricularly administered 26RFa, an intrinsic agonist for GRP103, in the rat partial sciatic nerve ligation model.

Peptides. 2011 Jun;32(6):1262-9

Authors: Yamamoto T, Miyazaki R, Yamada T, Shinozaki T

26RFa and QRFP are endogenous ligands of GPR103. 26RFa binding sites are widely distributed in the brain and the spinal cord where they are involved in processing pain. In the present study, the effects of intrathecal and intracerebroventricular applications of 26RFa on the level of mechanical allodynia induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation were examined in rats. The level of mechanical allodynia was measured using von Frey filaments. Intrathecal and intracerebroventricular injection of 26RFa attenuated the level of mechanical allodynia. 26RFa has been reported to activate not only GPR103 but also neuropeptide FF2 receptor and the effect of intrathecally and intracerebroventricularly administered 26RFa was not antagonized by BIBP3226, an antagonist of neuropeptide FF receptor. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that QRFP-like immunoreactivity (QRFP-LI) was expressed mainly in the small to medium sized neurons in the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and that partial sciatic nerve injury increased the percentage of QRFP-LI positive neurons. 7 days after the nerve injury, QRFP-LI positive neurons in the L5 DRG ipsilateral to the partial sciatic nerve injury were larger than those in the L5 DRG ipsilateral to the sham operation. These data suggest that (1) exogenously applied 26RFa modulates nociceptive transmission at the spinal and the supraspinal brain in the neuropathic pain model, (2) the mechanism 26RFa uses to produce an anti-allodynic effect may be mediated by the activation of GPR103, and (3) partial sciatic nerve ligation affects the expression of QRFP-LI in the dorsal root ganglion.

PMID: 21439338 [PubMed – in process]