Use and Outcomes of Wound Drain in Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 27;
Authors: Diab M, Smucny M, Dormans JP, Erickson MA, Ibrahim K, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT: Study Design. A multicenter retrospective review.Objective. To evaluate outcomes of closed-suction wound drainage after posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and to identify surgeon patterns of drain use in this cohort.Summary of Background Data. There is little evidence on the use of drains in spinal surgery, particularly for repair of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Studies on hip and knee arthroplasty suggest no advantage to draining. There are few published reports on surgeon technique and rationale for drain use in spinal surgery.Methods. Patients were divided into drain and no drain cohorts and followed for 2 years. Primary outcome was complication rate. A separate survey was collected from surgeons in the Spinal Deformity Study Group (SDSG) to evaluate drain practice patterns.Results. There were 324 drained and 176 un-drained patients. Complication rate did not differ between the drain and no drain cohorts in any of the four categories (wound infection, neural injury, other infection, and other complication) at any time (all p > 0.1). More drained patients received postoperative transfusions compared with those without a drain (43% v. 22%, p < 0.001). Of the 50 surgeons in the group, 36 used drains. Half of these did so out of habit. Surgeons tended to place deep drains with bulb suction, without drain manipulation. Half removed drains based on output, while half removed them after one to three days.Conclusions. More patients tended to receive wound drains than not. Drains did not impact complication rate and drained patients received more blood product. There are no universal criteria for draining and practice patterns vary widely.
PMID: 22037527 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]