[Biomechanical characteristics of spinal cord tissue–basis for the development of modifications of the DREZ (dorsal root entry zone) operation].

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[Biomechanical characteristics of spinal cord tissue–basis for the development of modifications of the DREZ (dorsal root entry zone) operation].

Acta Chir Iugosl. 2004;51(4):59-64

Authors: Spaić M, Mikicić D, Ilić S, Milosavljević I, Ivanović S, Slavik E, Antić B

Abstract
Mechanical properties of the spinal cord tissue–biological basis for the development of the modality of the DREZ surgery lesioning technique Succesful treatment of the chronic neurogenic pain of spinal cord and cauda equina injury origin remains a significant management problem. The mechanism of this pain phenomenon has been shown to be related to neurochemical changes that lead to the state of hypereactivity of the second order dorsal horn neurons. The DREZ surgery (Dorsal Root Entry Zone lesion), designed to destroy anatomy structures involved in pain generating thus interrupting the neurogenic pain mechanism, as a causative procedure in treating this chronic pain, has been performed by using different technical modalities: Radiofrequency (RF) coagulation technic, Laser, Ultrasound and Microsurgical DREZotomy technic. The purpose of the study was to assess the possibility for the establishment of the lesioning technic based on the natural difference in the mechanical properties between the white and gray cord substance. We experimentally deteminated mechanical properties of the human cadaveric cord white versus gray tissue for the purpose of testing possibility of selective suction of the dorsal horn gray substance as a DREZ lesioning procedure. Based on the fact of the difference in tissue elasticity between white and gray cord substance we established a new and simple DREZ surgical lesioning technique that was tested on cadaver cord. For the purpose of testing and comparing the size and shape of the DREZ lesion axchieved the DREZ surgery has been performed on cadaver cord by employing selective dorsal horn suction as a lesioning method. After the procedure cadaver cord underwent histological fixation and analysis of the DREZ lesions achieved. Our result revealed that the white cord substance with longitudinal fiber structure had four time higher dynamical viscosity than gray substance of local neuronal network structure (150 PaS versus 37.5 PaS) that provided possibility for the safe and selective suction of the gray substance of the dorsal horn. Technic includes incision of the dorsolateral sulcus according to Sindous Microsurgical DREZotomy technic than suction under visual control of the dorsal horn gray matter using succer adopted from the lumbar puncture nidle. Operative experimental testing and hystological analysis confirmed expected size and shape of the DREZ lesion performed by dorsal horn suction as DREZ lesioning technique. The utility, selectivity and safety of this technic has been provided by the natural mechanical properties of the cord tissue itself. Application of the Dorsal horn suction as a DREZ lesioning in humans confirmed this technic as a safe and reliable DREZ lesioning method.

PMID: 16018411 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]