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Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma in a Patient on Rivaroxaban: Case Report and Literature Review.

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Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma in a Patient on Rivaroxaban: Case Report and Literature Review.

J Emerg Med. 2017 Oct;53(4):536-539

Authors: Ismail R, Zaghrini E, Hitti E

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Spinal hematomas (SHs) are rare yet potentially debilitating causes of acute back pain. Although spontaneous SHs have been described in the setting of anticoagulation with warfarin or enoxaparin, few cases of spontaneous SH on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been reported.
CASE REPORT: We report a case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a patient on rivaroxaban. A 72-year-old man on rivaroxaban and aspirin presented with a 4-day history of nontraumatic back pain. In the emergency department he developed lower-extremity weakness and numbness, followed by urinary incontinence. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal epidural hematoma at T11-L2. The patient underwent emergent decompression and hematoma evacuation and was discharged home 8 days later with complete resolution of symptoms. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: Early recognition and surgical intervention for SHs with neurologic compromise is key to favorable outcome. Optimal timing of surgery in patients on DOACs requires an assessment of the risk of intraoperative or postoperative bleeding, an assessment of the patient’s symptom progression, as well as an understanding of the pharmacokinetics of the DOAC used and possible reversal options available. We also review all published cases of spontaneous SHs in patients on DOACs and report on their management and outcomes.

PMID: 29079069 [PubMed – in process]

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