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Spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis in children following lumbosacral fusion for high-grade spondylolisthesis: A report of four new cases and systematic review of the literature – Lumbar Fusion

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The article presents a study that aims to present four new cases of spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis and analyze well-documented cases from the literature. The study conducted a surgical log search and systematic review to identify cases that met specified inclusion criteria. A total of 13 patients with symptomatic high-grade spondylolisthesis and scoliosis were included in the study. The majority of the patients had long thoracic curves with lateral trunk shift. Out of the 13 patients, 11 showed curve improvement following lumbosacral fusion, with three patients experiencing a decrease in curve magnitude and eight patients achieving complete resolution of their scoliosis. The study concludes that lumbosacral surgery resulted in spontaneous improvement in most cases of olisthetic scoliosis. The article provides the PubMed ID, PMC ID, and DOI for further reference

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
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Published article

CONCLUSION: The current study summarizes 13 well-documented cases of olisthetic scoliosis (4 new cases and 9 from the literature) that associated with symptomatic high-grade spondylolisthesis. All were treated via a primary posterior lumbosacral fusion strategy. Eleven of the 13 curves showed spontaneous improvement (8 complete resolution of scoliosis) following their lumbosacral surgery.

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J Child Orthop. 2023 Jul 5;17(4):367-375. doi: 10.1177/18632521231182427. eCollection 2023 Aug.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The study aim was to present four new well-documented cases of spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis and to analyze well-documented cases from the literature.METHODS: Surgical log search and systematic review were conducted. Inclusion criteria were (1) age less than 18 years, (2) symptomatic high-grade,

J Child Orthop. 2023 Jul 5;17(4):367-375. doi: 10.1177/18632521231182427. eCollection 2023 Aug.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The study aim was to present four new well-documented cases of spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis and to analyze well-documented cases from the literature.

METHODS: Surgical log search and systematic review were conducted. Inclusion criteria were (1) age less than 18 years, (2) symptomatic high-grade (≥50%) spondylolisthesis, (3) scoliosis ≥20o, (4) primary surgical treatment via lumbosacral fusion, (5) complete x-rays, and (6) minimum 1-year radiographic follow-up or until curve resolution.

RESULTS: A total of 13 patients with average age of 13.9 years were included in the study, 4 from the authors’ surgical logs and 9 from the literature. Slip percentage of L5-S1 ranged from 51% to 95%. Olisthetic curve magnitude averaged 34.6° (range: 20°-45°) with majority (8/13) demonstrating long thoracic curves with lateral trunk shift. All but one of these were apex right with rightward trunk shift. The remainder of the curves were isolated lumbar curves, with an apex left morphology without trunk shift. Eleven of the 13 patients showed curve improvement following isolated lumbosacral fusion. Three patients experienced a decrease in curve magnitude of 12°-28° and eight patients enjoyed complete resolution (≤10°) of their scoliosis.

CONCLUSION: The current study summarizes 13 well-documented cases of olisthetic scoliosis (4 new cases and 9 from the literature) that associated with symptomatic high-grade spondylolisthesis. All were treated via a primary posterior lumbosacral fusion strategy. Eleven of the 13 curves showed spontaneous improvement (8 complete resolution of scoliosis) following their lumbosacral surgery.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic level IV.

PMID:37565000 | PMC:PMC10411374 | DOI:10.1177/18632521231182427

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Spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis in children following lumbosacral fusion for high-grade spondylolisthesis: A report of four new cases and systematic review of the literature

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J Child Orthop. 2023 Jul 5;17(4):367-375. doi: 10.1177/18632521231182427. eCollection 2023 Aug.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The study aim was to present four new well-documented cases of spontaneous improvement of olisthetic scoliosis and to analyze well-documented cases from the literature.METHODS: Surgical log search and systematic review were conducted. Inclusion criteria were (1) age less than 18 years, (2) symptomatic high-grade

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