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Small Preoperative Dural Sac Cross-Sectional Area And Anteriorly Placed Fusion Cages Are Risk Factors For Indirect Decompression Failure After Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion London Spine

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Published article

CONCLUSIONS: OLIF is an effective procedure for indirect decompression. To avoid reoperation for lumbar spinal stenosis, surgeons should aim to place the center of the cage at the posterior half of the lower endplate. Surgical levels with a preoperative dural sac cross-sectional area
Lumbar Disc Replacement Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK

Abstract

Objective: 1) To investigate if implant-related factors such as cage size and cage position are associated with radiologic improvement after indirect decompression with oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF). 2) To investigate the risk factors associated with indirect decompression failure (IDF) at the surgical levels after OLIF.

Methods: From February 2015 to December 2019, 92 consecutive patients (188 levels) with lumbar spinal stenosis who underwent indirect decompression via OLIF with or without posterior instrumentation were studied retrospectively. Radiographic variables were measured preoperatively and postoperatively. The radiographic results were compared for cages with different heights and positions. IDF was defined as revision surgery within 6 months or persistent compressive symptoms 6 months after surgery.

Results: Postoperative improvements were observed in all measured radiographic parameters except for segmental lordosis. Taller cages were associated with more shrinkage of the bulging disc and greater increase in dural sac diameter. Cages placed posteriorly showed larger postoperative subarticular diameters. Twelve patients (16 levels) had IDF. Multivariate logistic regression showed that after adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index, smaller preoperative dural sac cross-sectional area and anterior positioning of cages were both independent risk factors for IDF.

Conclusions: OLIF is an effective procedure for indirect decompression. To avoid reoperation for lumbar spinal stenosis, surgeons should aim to place the center of the cage at the posterior half of the lower endplate. Surgical levels with a preoperative dural sac cross-sectional area <44 mm2 may not be suitable for indirect decompression.

Keywords: Cage; Dural sac; Fusion; Indirect decompression; Lumbar; OLIF; Reoperation.

The London Spine Unit : top spine centre in UK
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Small Preoperative Dural Sac Cross-Sectional Area and Anteriorly Placed Fusion Cages Are Risk Factors for Indirect Decompression Failure after Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion

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Abstract Objective: 1) To investigate if implant-related factors such as cage size and cage position are associated with radiologic improvement after indirect decompression with oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF). 2) To investigate the risk factors associated with indirect decompression failure (IDF) at the surgical levels after OLIF. Methods: From February 2015 to December 2019, 92…

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