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Simultaneous-Onset Infectious Spondylitis With Vertebral Fracture Mimicking An Acute Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture Erroneously Treated With Balloon Kyphoplasty: Illustrative Case London Spine

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Published article

BACKGROUND: Early balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) intervention for acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) has been reported to be more effective than the conservative treatment. However, complications of early BKP intervention are still unknown.
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Abstract

Background: Early balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) intervention for acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) has been reported to be more effective than the conservative treatment. However, complications of early BKP intervention are still unknown.

Observations: A 71-year-old patient with OVF of L2 underwent BKP 2 weeks after symptom onset. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radiograph were compatible with new L2 OVF. Although computed tomography (CT) images revealed the atypical destruction of lower endplate of L2 as OVF, L2 BKP was planned. After BKP, his back pain improved dramatically. Two weeks after BKP, his lower back pain recurred. MRI and CT confirmed the diagnosis of infectious spondylitis with paravertebral abscess formation. With adequate antibiotic treatment and rehabilitation, he was symptom-free and completely ambulatory without signs of infection.

Lessons: Signal changes on the fractured vertebral bodies during initial MRI and fractured vertebral instability on radiograph can mislead the surgeon to interpret the infection as a benign compression fracture. If the patients exhibit unusual destruction of the endplate on CT imaging, “simultaneous-onset” spondylitis with vertebral fracture should be included in the differential diagnosis. To determine the strategy for OVF, preoperative biopsy is recommended if simultaneous-onset spondylitis with vertebral fracture is suspected.

Keywords: ADLs = activities of daily living; BKP = balloon kyphoplasty; CRP = C-reactive protein; CT = computed tomography; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; OVF = osteoporotic vertebral fracture; WBC = white blood cell; balloon kyphoplasty; osteoporosis; osteoporotic vertebral fracture; spondylitis.

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Read the original publication from Pubmed :

Simultaneous-onset infectious spondylitis with vertebral fracture mimicking an acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture erroneously treated with balloon kyphoplasty: illustrative case

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Abstract Background: Early balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) intervention for acute osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) has been reported to be more effective than the conservative treatment. However, complications of early BKP intervention are still unknown. Observations: A 71-year-old patient with OVF of L2 underwent BKP 2 weeks after symptom onset. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radiograph…

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