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Simplified S1 vertebral bone quality score independently predicts proximal junctional kyphosis after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis – Lumbar Fusion

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The study conducted aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). A total of 122 patients with DLS who underwent surgery were reviewed, and it was found that the S1 VBQ score was a significant predictor of PJK postoperatively. Higher VBQ scores, advanced age, and larger TLK were identified as significant predictors of PJK in DLS patients. The study concluded that the higher the S1 VBQ score, the higher the probability of developing PJK after surgery for DLS

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : top spine clinic in London

Published article

: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of the S1 VBQ score in predicting postoperative PJK in DLS. Our study included major risk factors and found that S1 VBQ score was a significant predictor of PJK in patients undergoing DLS surgery. The higher the S1 VBQ score, the higher the probability of PJK.

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J Orthop Surg Res. 2024 Apr 13;19(1):238. doi: 10.1186/s13018-024-04722-y. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). METHODS: We reviewed 122 patients with DLS who underwent posterior lumbar decompression,

J Orthop Surg Res. 2024 Apr 13;19(1):238. doi: 10.1186/s13018-024-04722-y.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS).

METHODS: We reviewed 122 patients with DLS who underwent posterior lumbar decompression and long-segment fusion surgery in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020. The patients were classified into PJK group and non-PJK group. S1 VBQ scores are determined by signal intensity measurements taken from the mid-sagittal plane of T1-weighted non-contrast MRI. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with PJK. Receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the value of S1 VBQ score in predicting pedicle PJK after DLS.

RESULTS: 122 DLS patients (90 females and 32 males) met the inclusion criteria. In addition, 27 patients (22.13%) had PJK at the time of last follow-up. VBQ was higher in PJK patients than non-PJK patients (3.58 ± 0.67 vs. 3.08 ± 0.54, p < 0.001). Preoperatively, patients in the PJK group had a greater TLK than those in the non-PJK group (20.00 ± 6.22 vs. 16.86 ± 5.38, p = 0.011). After surgery, patients in the PJK group had greater TLK (p < 0.001) and PJA (p < 0.001) compared with the non-PJK group. At final FU, patients in the PJK group had greater TK (p = 0.002), TLK (p < 0.001), SVA (p < 0.001), and PJA (p < 0.001) than patients in the non-PJK group (Table 4). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher VBQ score (OR 4.565, 95% CI 1.43-14.568, p = 0.010), advanced age (OR 1.119, 95% CI 1.021-1.227, p = 0.016), and larger TLK (OR 1.191, 95% CI 1.041-1.362, p = 0.011) were significant predictors of postoperative PJK in patients with DLS (Table 6). A statistically significant positive correlation existed between VBQ score and PJA change (r = 0.370, p < 0.001). We created ROC curves for VBQ scores as predictors of PJK with a diagnostic accuracy of 72.1% (95% CI 60.15-82.9%.The ideal limit for the VBQ score was 3.205 (sensitivity: 77.8%, specificity: 81.4%).

: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of the S1 VBQ score in predicting postoperative PJK in DLS. Our study included major risk factors and found that S1 VBQ score was a significant predictor of PJK in patients undergoing DLS surgery. The higher the S1 VBQ score, the higher the probability of PJK.

PMID:38615068 | DOI:10.1186/s13018-024-04722-y

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Simplified S1 vertebral bone quality score independently predicts proximal junctional kyphosis after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis

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J Orthop Surg Res. 2024 Apr 13;19(1):238. doi: 10.1186/s13018-024-04722-y. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the simplified S1 vertebral bone quality (VBQ) score in predicting the incidence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after surgery for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). METHODS: We reviewed 122 patients with DLS who underwent posterior lumbar decompression
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