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Short segment bone-on-bone instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a mean follow-up of six years

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of short segment anterior scoliosis surgery with bone-on-bone apposition using a dual screw, dual rod system. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior segmental fixation for correction of AIS involves instrumentation of all the vertebrae included in the major curve. Our short segment anterior technique produces similar results by fusion of fewer levels. METHODS: Forty-five patients operated between 1996 and 2004. Twenty-eight thoracic (Lenke 1) and 17 thoracolumbar (Lenke 5). The mean age was 19 years, 87% were females, and the mean follow-up was 72 months (range 28-121 months). We operated on curves less than 85 degrees with ‘total discectomy,’ bone-on-bone apposition, and dual-screw, dual-rod fixation. RESULTS: A mean of five vertebrae (four discs) were instrumented, with a mean operative time of 360 minutes, blood loss of 877 mL and a hospital stay of 9.1 day. Lenke 1. The main preop thoracic curve was 52.5 degrees , final postop curve 27.9 degrees , by fusing five vertebrae, four discs. A spontaneous improvement of 47.5% of the lumbar compensatory curve was seen. The lower tilt angle corrected from 20.9 degrees to 11 degrees . Lenke 5. The preoperative thoracolumbar major curve corrected from 50.5 degrees to 18.3 degrees (final) with fusion of four vertebrae, three discs. A spontaneous improvement of 37.4% occurred in the thoracic compensatory curve. The preop tilt angle improved from 27.7 degrees to 8.3 degrees .The sagittal and coronal balance was restored in all the patients. There were no neurologic, vascular, pulmonary, or implant-related complications. Union occurred within 3 months. All the patients returned to an unrestricted lifestyle within 4 months. CONCLUSION: We report good results after surgical correction using our short segment bone-on-bone technique. Improvements were noted and maintained, over a 6-year period

Keywords : Adolescent,Adult,blood,Bone Nails,Bone Screws,Child,complications,Diskectomy,Female,Follow-Up Studies,Humans,instrumentation,Lumbar Vertebrae,Male,methods,Middle Aged,Patients,Retrospective Studies,Scoliosis,Spinal Fusion,surgery,Thoracic Vertebrae,Time,Time Factors,Treatment Outcome,Universities,Young Adult,, Segment,Boneonbone,Instrumentation,Adolescent, radio frequency london

Date of Publication : 2011 Jun 15

Authors : Kusakabe T;Mehta JS;Gaines RW;

Organisation : Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan

Journal of Publication : Spine (Phila Pa 1976 )

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21270698

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