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Sex Differences In Pediatric Caudal Epidural Anesthesia Under Sedation Without Primary Airway Instrumentation – Spinal Injection

The article discusses a retrospective observational study that analyzed sex differences associated with caudal epidurals, a common technique of pediatric regional anesthesia. The study used prospectively collected and individually validated data from a cohort of children aged 0-15 years. The results showed that the failure rate of the primary anesthesia plan was similar for girls and boys. However, boys were more likely to experience block-related technical complications and critical respiratory events compared to girls. The study concludes that while the primary anesthesia plan failure rate is equal for girls and boys, boys are more prone to experiencing certain complications during caudal epidurals

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : most specialised treatment hospital in London

Published article

CONCLUSIONS: While the the primary-anesthesia-plan failure rate was equal for girls and boys, technical complications and respiratory events are more likely to occur in boys.

Spine Epidural Lumbar Caudal transforaminal Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Abstract Study objective: To identify sex differences associated with caudal epidurals, the most commonly used technique of pediatric regional anesthesia, based on individually validated data of ultrasound-guided blocks performed between 04/2014 and 12/2020. Methods: Prospectively collected and individually validated data of a cohort of children aged between 0-15 years was analyzed in a retrospective observational,

Abstract

Study objective: To identify sex differences associated with caudal epidurals, the most commonly used technique of pediatric regional anesthesia, based on individually validated data of ultrasound-guided blocks performed between 04/2014 and 12/2020.

Methods: Prospectively collected and individually validated data of a cohort of children aged between 0-15 years was analyzed in a retrospective observational study. We included pediatric surgeries involving a primary plan of caudal epidural anesthesia under sedation (without airway instrumentation) and a contingency plan of general anesthesia. Sex-specific rates were analyzed for overall failure of the primary anesthesia plan, for residual pain, for block-related technical complications and for critical respiratory events. We used Fisher´s exact tests and multivariable logistic regressions were used to evaluate sex-specific associations.

Results: Data from 487 girls and 2060 boys ≤15 years old (ASA status 1 to 4) were analyzed. The primary-anesthesia-plan failure rate was 5.5% (95%CI 3.8%-7.8%) (N = 27/487) among girls and 4.7% (95%CI 3.9%-5.7%) (N = 97/2060) among boys (p = 0.41). Residual pain was the main cause of failure, with rates of 4.5% (95%CI 2.9-6.6%) (N = 22/487) among girls and 3.0% (95%CI 2.3-3.8%) (N = 61/2060) among boys (p = 0.089). Block-related technical complications were seen at rates of 0.8% (95%CI 0.3%-1.9%) (N = 4/487) among girls vs 2.5% (95%CI 0.5-2.7%) (N = 51/2060) among boys and, hence, significantly more often among male patients (p = 0.023). Male sex was significantly associated with higher odds (adjusted OR: 3.18; 95% CI: 1.12-9; p = 0.029) for such technical complications regardless of age, ASA status, gestational week at birth or puncture attempts. Critical respiratory events occurred at a 1.7% (95%CI 1.2%-2.3%) rate (N = 35/2060) twice as high among boys as 0.8% (95%CI 0.3%-1.9%) (N = 4/487) among girls (p = 0.21).

Conclusions: While the the primary-anesthesia-plan failure rate was equal for girls and boys, technical complications and respiratory events are more likely to occur in boys.

The London Spine Unit : most specialised treatment hospital in London

Read the original publication:

Sex differences in pediatric caudal epidural anesthesia under sedation without primary airway instrumentation

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Abstract Study objective: To identify sex differences associated with caudal epidurals, the most commonly used technique of pediatric regional anesthesia, based on individually validated data of ultrasound-guided blocks performed between 04/2014 and 12/2020. Methods: Prospectively collected and individually validated data of a cohort of children aged between 0-15 years was analyzed in a retrospective observational

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