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Severe Obesity Is An Independent Risk Factor Of Early Readmission And Nonhome Discharge After Cervical Disc Replacement – Cervical Disc Replacement

This article summarizes a study on the impact of obesity on early postoperative outcomes and complications following cervical disc replacement (CDR). The study analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and divided patients into three cohorts based on their body mass index (BMI): nonobese, obese class I, and obese class II/III. The results showed that obese class II/III patients had higher rates of nonhome discharge and readmission compared to nonobese patients. However, there was no significant difference in reoperation rates or morbidity between the groups. The study concluded that CDR procedures can be safely performed regardless of obesity status

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : innovative spinal hospital in UK

Published article

Although obese class-II/III were risk factors for 30-day readmission and nonhome discharge, there was no significant difference in reoperation rates or morbidity. CDR procedures can continue to be safely preformed independent of obesity status.

Cervical Disc Replacement Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Abstract Objective: Despite growing interest in cervical disc replacement (CDR) for conditions such as cervical radiculopathy, limited data exists describing the impact of obesity on early postoperative outcomes and complications. These data are especially important as nearly half of the adult population in the United States is expected to become obese (body mass index [BMI],

Abstract

Objective: Despite growing interest in cervical disc replacement (CDR) for conditions such as cervical radiculopathy, limited data exists describing the impact of obesity on early postoperative outcomes and complications. These data are especially important as nearly half of the adult population in the United States is expected to become obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2) by 2030. The goal of this study was to compare the demographics, perioperative variables, and complication rates following CDR.

Methods: The 2005-2020 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program datasets were queried for patients who underwent primary 1- or 2-level CDR. Patients were divided into 3 cohorts: Nonobese (BMI: 18.5-29.9 kg/m2), Obese class-I (BMI: 30-34.9 kg/m2), Obese class-II/III (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2). Morbidity was defined as the presence of any complication within 30 days postoperatively. Rates of 30-day readmission, reoperation, morbidity, individual complications, length of stay, frequency of nonhome discharge disposition were collected.

Results: A total of 5,397 patients were included for analysis: 3,130 were nonobese, 1,348 were obese class I, and 919 were obese class II/III. There were more 2-level CDRs performed in the class II/III cohort compared to the nonobese group (25.7% vs. 21.5%, respectively; p < 0.05). Class-II/III had more nonhome discharges than class I and nonobese (2.1% vs. 0.5% vs. 0.7%, respectively; p < 0.001). Readmission rates differed as well (nonobese: 0.5%, class I: 1.1%, class II/III: 2.1%; p < 0.001) with pairwise significance between class II/II and nonobese. Class II/III obesity was an independent risk factor for both readmission (odds ratio [OR]3.32; p = 0.002) and nonhome discharge (OR, 2.51; p = 0.02). Neither 30-day reoperation nor morbidity rates demonstrated significance. No mortalities were reported.

Although obese class-II/III were risk factors for 30-day readmission and nonhome discharge, there was no significant difference in reoperation rates or morbidity. CDR procedures can continue to be safely preformed independent of obesity status.

Keywords: Cervical disc replacement; Obesity; Risk factors.

The London Spine Unit : innovative spinal hospital in UK

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Severe Obesity Is an Independent Risk Factor of Early Readmission and Nonhome Discharge After Cervical Disc Replacement

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Abstract Objective: Despite growing interest in cervical disc replacement (CDR) for conditions such as cervical radiculopathy, limited data exists describing the impact of obesity on early postoperative outcomes and complications. These data are especially important as nearly half of the adult population in the United States is expected to become obese (body mass index [BMI]

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