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Root canal complications: ‘the hypochlorite accident’

Root canal treatment is performed routinely in dental practice, using sodium hypochlorite which serves as an effective irrigant. The literature reviewed shows that several complications following irrigation with sodium hypochlorite may occur, but few practitioners are aware of it and its management. Such complications include injury to skin, oral mucosa and eyes, damage to clothing, air emphysema, allergic reactions, and injection beyond the foramen. In this article, a case report of injection with sodium hypochlorite beyond the foramen is presented, together with a review of the recent literature regarding common manifestations and case histories. The literature shows no standard management of this condition, but symptomatic therapies are discussed. It is important to minimize the risk of sodium-hypochlorite-induced damage during root canal therapy by use of protective measures, appropriate instrumentation and techniques, and consider alternate irrigation solutions

Keywords : adverse effects,Air,chemically induced,complications,Cranial Nerve Diseases,drug effects,Edema,Emphysema,Facial Paralysis,Female,history,Humans,injuries,instrumentation,Maxillary Nerve,Middle Aged,Paresthesia,Periapical Tissue,Root Canal Irrigants,Root Canal Preparation,Root Canal Therapy,Sodium Hypochlorite,Subcutaneous Emphysema,therapy,, Canal,Complications,’The,Hypochlorite,Accident’, lower back pain patch

Date of Publication : 2010 Oct

Authors : Singh PK;

Organisation : School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. kissoonp@ukzn.ac.za

Journal of Publication : SADJ

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21180288

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