19 Harley St, London, W1G 9QJ, UK

Role of Stress and Smoking as Modifiable Risk Factors for Nonpersistent and Persistent Back Pain in Women.

Related Articles

Role of Stress and Smoking as Modifiable Risk Factors for Nonpersistent and Persistent Back Pain in Women.

Clin J Pain. 2016 Mar;32(3):232-7

Authors: Schmelzer AC, Salt E, Wiggins A, Crofford LJ, Bush H, Mannino DM

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between smoking and stress with nonpersistent and persistent back pain.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants included 3703 women who took part in the Kentucky Women’s Health Registry in 2008 and 2011. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to examine whether smoking status and stress levels were predictive of nonpersistent and persistent back pain, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics.
RESULTS: Stress level was associated with both nonpersistent and persistent back pain, whereas smoking was associated with only persistent back pain. Current smokers were 1.5 times more likely to report persistent back pain compared with never smokers, controlling for age, race, body mass index, educational attainment, and employment status. Women experiencing large or overwhelming amounts of stress were 1.8 times more likely to have nonpersistent back pain and 1.6 times more likely to report persistent back pain, compared with women experiencing small amounts of stress.
DISCUSSION: This study further substantiates the findings of prior research that describes a significant relationship between back pain, stress, and smoking. Understanding the role of modifiable risk factors (ie, smoking and stress) and their impact on back pain provides an opportunity to offer a comprehensive and tailored treatment plan.

PMID: 25882868 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Share to care...

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on google
Share on linkedin
Share on skype

What we do...

The Harley Street Hospital


What is London spine unit and How it Works

The London Spine Unit was established in 2005 and has successfully treated over 5000 patients. All conditions are treated.

We treat all spinal disorders

The London Spine Unit specialises in Minimally Invasive Treatments allowing rapid recovery and return to normal function

Trusted by patients worldwide

The London Spine Unit provides the highest quality care to all patients and has VIP services for those seeking exceptional services

What our patients say about us ......

Radicular leg pain

I have been very well treated except on one occasion I was kept waiting 1 hour for an appointment. Terry D. You May Also Like:Trochanteric

Read More »

Disc touching the Thecal Sac

My treatment was excellent. Everybody was kind and considerate. Sandra G. You May Also Like:Patient with intermittent back painAcute nuclear prolapse of the L3/4 intervertebral

Read More »