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Risk factors for postoperative complaints in patients following lumbar decompression and fusion: Analyses focusing on preoperative symptoms Research Article

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CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative patients’ complaints could be predicted and explained in advance by checking the preoperative characteristics of patients’ symptoms, including the duration and site carefully. This could be helpful to enhance the understanding of the surgical results preoperatively, which could control the anticipation of the patients.
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J Orthop Sci. 2023 May 19:S0949-2658(23)00126-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jos.2023.04.008. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Several patients complained of residual symptoms following lumbar decompressive surgery for lumbar degenerative disease (LDD). However, few studies analyze this dissatisfaction by focusing on preoperative patients’ symptoms. This study was conduct to determine the factors that could predict the patients’ postoperative complaints by focusing on their preoperative symptoms.

METHODS: Four hundred and seventeen consecutive patients who underwent lumbar decompression and fusion surgery for LDD were included. Postoperative complaint was defined by at least twice same complaint during the outpatient follow-up of 6,12, 18 and 24 months after surgery. A comparative analysis was performed between complaint group (group C, N = 168) and non-complaint group (group NC, N = 249). Demographic, operative, symptomatic, and clinical factors were compared between the groups by univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS: The main preoperative chief complaints were radiating pain (318/417, 76.2%). However, most common postoperative complaint was residual radiating pain (60/168, 35.7%) followed by tingling sensation (43/168, 25.6%). The presence of psychiatric disease (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.666; P = 0.017), longer pain duration (aOR, 1.021; P < 0.001), pain to below the knee (aOR, 2.326; P = 0.001), preoperative tingling sensation (aOR, 2.631; P < 0.001), preoperative sensory and motor power decrease (aOR, 2.152 and 1.678; P = 0,047 and 0.011, respectively) were significantly correlated with postoperative patients' complaints in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative patients’ complaints could be predicted and explained in advance by checking the preoperative characteristics of patients’ symptoms, including the duration and site carefully. This could be helpful to enhance the understanding of the surgical results preoperatively, which could control the anticipation of the patients.

PMID:37211525 | DOI:10.1016/j.jos.2023.04.008

The London Spine Unit : best situated day surgery spinal centre in UK

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Risk factors for postoperative complaints in patients following lumbar decompression and fusion: Analyses focusing on preoperative symptoms

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J Orthop Sci. 2023 May 19:S0949-2658(23)00126-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jos.2023.04.008. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Several patients complained of residual symptoms following lumbar decompressive surgery for lumbar degenerative disease (LDD). However, few studies analyze this dissatisfaction by focusing on preoperative patients' symptoms. This study was conduct to determine the factors that could predict the patients' postoperative complaints by…

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