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Retinal vascular and structural recovery analysis by optical coherence tomography angiography after endoscopic decompression in sellar/parasellar tumors – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

The article titled “Assessment of Retinal Microcirculation Alterations for Postoperative Visual Recovery in Sellar/Parasellar Tumor Patients with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography” investigates the potential impact of retinal microcirculation alterations on visual recovery in patients with sellar/parasellar tumors. The study analyzed data from 210 eyes with these tumors and compared them to 92 healthy eyes. Preoperative and postoperative (3 months) data including MRI scans, Visual Acuity Tests, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), OCT-A, and Visual Field Tests were evaluated. The findings showed significant reductions in retinal vascular densities in various regions before surgery compared to the healthy control group. However, after surgery, patients without chiasmal distortion showed significant increases in vascular densities. The study suggests that pre and postoperative OCT-A measurements could be valuable for assessing surgical timing and postoperative visual recovery in these patients

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Published article

We assessed the potential retinal microcirculation alterations for postoperative visual recovery in sellar/paraseller tumor patients with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A). Two hundred ten eyes with sellar/parasellar tumor for which preoperative and postoperative (3 months) MRI Scans, Visual Acuity Test, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), OCT-A and, Visual Field Test data were available, besides 92 healthy eyes were evaluated. In the preoperative phase, significant reductions…

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Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 1;13(1):14371. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40956-2.ABSTRACTWe assessed the potential retinal microcirculation alterations for postoperative visual recovery in sellar/paraseller tumor patients with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A). Two hundred ten eyes with sellar/parasellar tumor for which preoperative and postoperative (3 months) MRI Scans, Visual Acuity Test, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), OCT-A and, Visual Field Test,

Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 1;13(1):14371. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40956-2.

ABSTRACT

We assessed the potential retinal microcirculation alterations for postoperative visual recovery in sellar/paraseller tumor patients with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A). Two hundred ten eyes with sellar/parasellar tumor for which preoperative and postoperative (3 months) MRI Scans, Visual Acuity Test, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), OCT-A and, Visual Field Test data were available, besides 92 healthy eyes were evaluated. In the preoperative phase, significant reductions were observed in retinal vascular densities in various regions, including the Superficial Retinal Capillary Plexus (SRCP) (whole: p < 0.001, fovea: p = 0.025, parafovea: p < 0.001), Deep Retinal Capillary Plexus (DRCP) (whole: p < 0.001, fovea: p = 0.003, parafovea: p < 0.001), Peripapillary Vascular Density (PVD) (whole: p = 0.045, peripapillary: p < 0.001, nasal: p < 0.001, inferior: p < 0.001, temporal: p < 0.001), and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) (nasal: p = 0.024, inferior: p < 0.001, temporal: p < 0.001, superior: p < 0.001) compared to the healthy control group. After surgery, the postoperative data of patients without chiasmal distortion were compared to their preoperative data. In the postoperative evaluation, significant increases were observed in vascular densities in patients without chiasmal distortion in the SRCP (whole: p < 0.001, parafovea: p = 0.045), DRCP (whole: p = 0.007, fovea: p = 0.006, parafovea: p = 0.040), PVD (peripapillary: p = 0.010, inferior: p < 0.001, temporal: p < 0.001, superior: p < 0.001), and RNFL (nasal: p = 0.011, inferior: p = 0.034, temporal: p = 0.046, superior: p = 0.011). Furthermore, significant associations were observed in the ROC analysis between the postoperative Visual Field Mean Deviation (VFMD) and SRCP (whole AUC = 0.793, p < 0.001, cut-off = 51.45, parafovea AUC = 0.820, p < 0.001, cut-off = 53.95), DRCP (whole AUC = 0.818, p < 0.001, cut-off = 55.95, parafovea AUC = 0.820, p < 0.001, cut-off = 59.05), PVD (temporal AUC = 0.692, p < 0.001, cut-off = 55.10), and RNFL (whole AUC = 0.690, p = 0.001, cut-off = 119.5, inferior AUC = 0.712, p < 0.001, cut-off = 144.75). These findings indicate a potential role of pre and post-operative OCT-A measurements in the assessment of surgical timing and postoperative visual recovery in patients with or without optic chiasm distortion.

PMID:37658097 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-40956-2

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Retinal vascular and structural recovery analysis by optical coherence tomography angiography after endoscopic decompression in sellar/parasellar tumors

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Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 1;13(1):14371. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-40956-2.ABSTRACTWe assessed the potential retinal microcirculation alterations for postoperative visual recovery in sellar/paraseller tumor patients with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A). Two hundred ten eyes with sellar/parasellar tumor for which preoperative and postoperative (3 months) MRI Scans, Visual Acuity Test, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), OCT-A and, Visual Field Test
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