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Relation between osteoporosis and radiographic and scientific indicators of osteoarthritis/arthrosis within the temporomandibular joint: a population-based, cross-sectional examine in an older Swedish inhabitants.

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Relation between osteoporosis and radiographic and scientific indicators of osteoarthritis/arthrosis within the temporomandibular joint: a population-based, cross-sectional examine in an older Swedish inhabitants.

Gerodontology. 2017 Jun;34(2):187-194

Authors: Bäck Okay, Ahlqwist M, Hakeberg M, Björkelund C, Dahlström L

Summary
OBJECTIVE: The intention was to elucidate the relation between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis/arthrosis (OA) within the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).
BACKGROUND: Basic epidemiological knowledge help the speculation that osteoporosis and OA are inversely correlated however shouldn’t be conclusively investigated within the TMJ.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A gaggle of 114 consultant aged ladies and men, randomised from a complete inhabitants examine in Gothenburg, Sweden, had bone mineral density established with whole-body, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a part of a well being survey. As well as, dental examinations have been carried out, together with panoramic radiographs uncovered as an summary of the TMJ’s and jaws. In 88 of the 80-year-old contributors (48 ladies and 40 males), a scientific orofacial examination in line with the RDC/TMD system was carried out.
RESULTS: A prognosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis was present in 36% of the 114, with a statistically completely different larger proportion of girls. Condylar alterations evaluated from panoramic radiographs have been noticed in 34%, with no vital gender distinction. No vital variations have been discovered within the proportion of people with osteopenia/osteoporosis and any condylar radiographic alteration or not. Forty-one of the clinically examined topics, 47%, fulfilled the standards for an RDC/TMD prognosis with no gender distinction. All contributors graded the orofacial ache as low power ache. A gap capability of <40 mm denoted a better threat of getting ache within the temporomandibular system. No affiliation was discovered between scientific prognosis of RDC/TMD and osteopenia/osteoporosis.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis seems to not be of significance for radiological or scientific findings of OA within the TMJ.

PMID: 27435697 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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