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Radiographic Factors For Adjacent Vertebral Fractures And Cement Loosening Following Balloon Kyphoplasty In Patients With Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures London Spine

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Published article

CONCLUSIONS: Rostral bridging osteophyte formation was determined to be a risk factor for both adjacent vertebral fractures and PMMA-cement loosening.
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Abstract

Introduction: Balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) is a minimally invasive surgical approach for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF). Some risks have been reported after treatment with BKP; therefore, it is necessary to determine when BKP does not work. Thus, in this study, we aim to clarify the radiographic predictors of secondary vertebral fractures and cement loosening after BKP for OVF.

Methods: This study enrolled patients with single-level OVF at the thoracolumbar junction (T11-L2) who underwent BKP for the first time between January 2011 and March 2014. The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) and a modified Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at 1 week and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Radiographic assessments were performed preoperatively and within 1 year after BKP using plain radiography and computed tomography.

Results: The 85 patients who met the inclusion criteria underwent BKP. The average age of participants (21 men, 64 women) was 77.8 years (range, 57-92 years). Postoperative VAS and ODI scores were all significantly better than preoperative scores. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)-cement leakage was observed in 18 patients (21.2%) but was asymptomatic in all cases. Secondary vertebral fractures were detected in 20 patients (23.5%), including adjacent levels in 15 patients (17.6%) and non-adjacent levels in 5 patients (5.9%). Rostral bridging osteophyte formation was found to be significantly associated with the occurrence of adjacent vertebral fractures (odds ratio 12.746; p=0.010). PMMA-cement loosening was observed in three patients (3.5%). A high prevalence (100%) of bridging osteophytes, vacuum clefts, and spinous process fractures was observed in patients with PMMA-cement loosening. PMMA-cement loosening was found in 3 out of 10 patients with all three of these factors.

Conclusions: Rostral bridging osteophyte formation was determined to be a risk factor for both adjacent vertebral fractures and PMMA-cement loosening.

Level of Evidence: 3.

Keywords: CT; X-ray; balloon kyphoplasty; osteoporosis; prognosis; vertebral fracture.

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Read the original publication from Pubmed :

Radiographic Factors for Adjacent Vertebral Fractures and Cement Loosening Following Balloon Kyphoplasty in Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures

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Abstract Introduction: Balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) is a minimally invasive surgical approach for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF). Some risks have been reported after treatment with BKP; therefore, it is necessary to determine when BKP does not work. Thus, in this study, we aim to clarify the radiographic predictors of secondary vertebral fractures and…

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