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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation in Lumbar Spine Fusion for Patients With Risk Factors for Pseudarthrosis – Lumbar Fusion

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The article discusses a prospective, multicenter study that investigated the use of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation as an adjunct therapy for patients at risk for complications, pseudarthrosis, and prolonged pain following lumbar spinal fusion surgery. The study included 142 patients with risk factors such as prior failed fusion, multilevel fusion, nicotine use, osteoporosis, or diabetes. The results showed that 88.0% of patients demonstrated successful fusion at the 12-month follow-up, with significant improvements in patient-reported outcomes related to pain, function, and quality of life. The study concludes that PEMF treatment significantly improves fusion outcomes and patient-reported outcomes, irrespective of risk factors. The use of PEMF as an adjunct treatment in lumbar spinal surgery is considered beneficial

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : best situated spinal hospital in the world

Published article

S: The addition of PEMF as an adjunct treatment in patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery provided a high rate of successful fusion with significant improvements in pain, function, and quality of life, despite having risk factors for pseudarthrosis.

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Int J Spine Surg. 2023 Oct 26:8549. doi: 10.14444/8549. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal fusion surgeries are increasing steadily due to an aging and ever-growing population. Patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery may present with risk factors that contribute to complications, pseudarthrosis, prolonged pain, and reduced quality of life. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation,

Int J Spine Surg. 2023 Oct 26:8549. doi: 10.14444/8549. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal fusion surgeries are increasing steadily due to an aging and ever-growing population. Patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery may present with risk factors that contribute to complications, pseudarthrosis, prolonged pain, and reduced quality of life. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation represents an adjunct noninvasive treatment intervention that has been shown to improve successful fusion and patient outcomes following spinal surgery.

METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study investigated PEMF as an adjunct therapy to lumbar spinal fusion procedures in patients at risk for pseudarthrosis. Patients with at least 1 of the following risk factors were enrolled: prior failed fusion, multilevel fusion, nicotine use, osteoporosis, or diabetes. Fusion status was determined by radiographic imaging, and patient-reported outcomes were also evaluated.

RESULTS: A total of 142 patients were included in the analysis. Fusion status was assessed at 12 months follow-up where 88.0% (n = 125/142) of patients demonstrated successful fusion. Fusion success for patients with 1, 2+, or 3+ risk factors was 88.5%, 87.5%, and 82.3%, respectively. Significant improvements in patient-reported outcomes using the Short Form 36, EuroQol 5 Dimension (EQ-5D) survey, Oswestry Disability Index, and visual analog scale for back and leg pain were also observed compared with baseline scores (P < 0.001). A favorable safety profile was observed. PEMF treatment showed a positive benefit-risk profile throughout the 6-month required use period.

S: The addition of PEMF as an adjunct treatment in patients undergoing lumbar spinal surgery provided a high rate of successful fusion with significant improvements in pain, function, and quality of life, despite having risk factors for pseudarthrosis.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: PEMF represents a useful tool for adjunct treatment in patients who have undergone lumbar spinal surgery. Treatment with PEMF may result in improved fusion and patient-reported outcomes, regardless of risk factors.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03176303.

PMID:37884337 | DOI:10.14444/8549

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation in Lumbar Spine Fusion for Patients With Risk Factors for Pseudarthrosis

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Int J Spine Surg. 2023 Oct 26:8549. doi: 10.14444/8549. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Lumbar spinal fusion surgeries are increasing steadily due to an aging and ever-growing population. Patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery may present with risk factors that contribute to complications, pseudarthrosis, prolonged pain, and reduced quality of life. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation

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