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Prevalence of Bertolotti’s Syndrome in Lumbosacral Surgery Procedures Research Article

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Introduction Bertolotti’s syndrome (BS) describes the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV). It is a factor that is sometimes overlooked when it comes to evaluating and treating LBP.Because of the different diagnostic modalities and criteria used in the research, the LSTV incidence in the general population varies greatly, and hence the link between LSTV and LBP remains contentious.^( )Some researchers found no link between low back pain and LSTV….
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Cureus. 2022 Jun 26;14(6):e26341. doi: 10.7759/cureus.26341. eCollection 2022 Jun.

ABSTRACT

Introduction Bertolotti’s syndrome (BS) describes the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV). It is a factor that is sometimes overlooked when it comes to evaluating and treating LBP.Because of the different diagnostic modalities and criteria used in the research, the LSTV incidence in the general population varies greatly, and hence the link between LSTV and LBP remains contentious. Some researchers found no link between low back pain and LSTV. As a result, the management of BS remains controversial and multiple treatments have been suggested, including locally injected steroid and various surgical approaches. Methods This retrospective cohort study included a total of 288 patients who underwent lumbosacral surgical procedures for disc prolapse, lumbar canal stenosis, spondylolithesis and post-laminectomy syndrome during the period between January 2016 and May 2020. Trauma, tumours and scoliotic patients were excluded. All data were collected from the departmental database. All cases were done by the same surgical team at El Hadra University Hospital Spine Unit, Egypt. The patients were divided into two groups. Group A consisted of 133 patients in whom LSTV was detected by radiologic findings. In contrast, Group B consisted of 155 patients in whom LSTV was not detected. Results In our study, the overall prevalence of LSTV among 288 patients who underwent lumbosacral surgical interventions was 46.2%. On comparing the incidence of surgical interventions between both groups, there was non-significant difference in most of surgical interventions. The incidence of L3-5 double-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) among LSTV patients was 16.5% compared to 4.61% in the other group. The incidence of L4-S1 double-level PLIF among LSTV patients was 15.04% compared to 7.24% in the other group. Regarding adjacent segment pathology, the incidence of lumbar canal stenosis and degenerative spondylolithesis was higher in the LSTV group (20.3% and 11.3%, respectively) compared to the non-LSTV group (9.7% and 5.2%, respectively). The incidence of disc prolapse was lower in the LSTV group (56.39%) compared to the non-LSTV group (71.0%). There was a non-significant difference between the incidence of lytic spondylolithesis and postlaminectomy syndrome between both groups. Conclusion The overall prevalence of LSTV among all cases who underwent lumbosacral surgical procedures at the El Hadra University Hospital was 46.2%. The incidence of lumbar canal stenosis and degenerative spondylolithesis was higher in the LSTV group compared to the non-LSTV group. However, the incidence of disc prolapse was lower in the LSTV group compared to the non-LSTV group. The incidence of disc prolapse and degenerative spondylolithesis at the L4-5 level was higher in the LSTV group compared to the non-LSTV group. In contrast, the incidence at L5-S1 was lower in the LSTV group compared to the non-LSTV group. Hence, LSTV is considered a risk factor for disc degenerative changes at the level above the transitional vertebra level.

PMID:35903576 | PMC:PMC9318490 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.26341

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Prevalence of Bertolotti’s Syndrome in Lumbosacral Surgery Procedures

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Cureus. 2022 Jun 26;14(6):e26341. doi: 10.7759/cureus.26341. eCollection 2022 Jun.ABSTRACTIntroduction Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) describes the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV). It is a factor that is sometimes overlooked when it comes to evaluating and treating LBP.Because of the different diagnostic modalities and criteria used in the research, the LSTV incidence…

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