Prevalence of adjacent segment degeneration after spine surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Apr 1;38(7):597-608
Authors: Xia XP, Chen HL, Cheng HB
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of published prevalence of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) after spine surgery.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of ASD in patients after cervical and lumbar spine surgery.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD is a common complication after spine surgery in long-term follow-up. A large body of literature has been reported on the topic, but no meta-analysis of the epidemiological data on ASD has been published
METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE until March 2012 published in English language that reported the prevalence of ASD after spine surgery. We determined the ASD rates by calculating proportions and 95% confidence interval (CI) for each study and then pooled the data to derive a pooled proportion and 95% CI.
RESULTS: A total of 94 studies with 34,716 patients from 19 countries were included. The occurrence of radiograph ASD ranged from 4.8% to 92.2%, and the pooled prevalence was 29.3% (95% CI, 22.7%-35.8%) by the random-effects model. The occurrence of symptoms ASD ranged from 0.0% to 30.3%, and the pooled prevalence was 7.4% (95% CI, 6.4%-8.5%). In cervical position, the occurrence of radiograph ASD and symptoms ASD was 32.8% (95% CI, 17.8%-47.9%) and 6.3% (95% CI, 4.8%-7.8%); in lumbar position, the occurrence of radiograph ASD and symptoms ASD was 26.6% (95% CI, 21.3%-31.9%) and 8.5% (95% CI, 6.4%-10.7%). In the 0.5- to 2- or less, more than 2- to 5- or less, and more than 5- to 20- or less year diagnosis time, the radiograph ASD prevalence was 21.8% (16.0%-27.6%), 33.6% (21.8%-45.4%), and 37.4% (10.7%-64.1%), respectively; and the symptoms ASD prevalence was 6.5% (4.8%-8.1%), 12.1% (8.2%-16.0%), and 3.2% (2.5%-4.0%), respectively.
CONCLUSION: Spine surgery is associated with significant risk of ASD. These figures may be useful in the estimation of the burden of the ASD after spine surgery.
PMID: 22986837 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]