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Preoperative Hounsfield Units Predict Pedicle Screw Loosening in Osteoporotic Patients Following Short Segment Lumbar Fusion – Lumbar Fusion

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The article is a retrospective cohort study that aimed to determine if vertebral HU values obtained from preoperative CT scans can predict postoperative outcomes following lumbar fusion surgeries. The study also investigated whether decreased bone mineral density values predicted cage subsidence and screw loosening. The results showed that osteoporosis was diagnosed in 37.8% of patients, with those individuals showing a significant increase in screw loosening and less improvement in back pain compared to non-osteoporotic patients. The study concluded that osteoporosis predicts screw loosening and increased back pain, highlighting the importance of preoperative bone mineral density optimization in surgical planning

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Published article

S: Osteoporosis predicts screw loosening and increased back pain. Clinicians should be advised of the importance of preoperative BMD optimization as part of their surgical planning and the utility of vertebral CT HU as a tool for risk stratification.

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Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2024 Apr 1. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004995. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort. OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine if vertebral HU values obtained from preoperative CT predict postoperative outcomes following 1-3 level lumbar fusion and (2) to investigate whether decreased BMD values determined by HU predict cage subsidence and screw loosening.,

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2024 Apr 1. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004995. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort.

OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine if vertebral HU values obtained from preoperative CT predict postoperative outcomes following 1-3 level lumbar fusion and (2) to investigate whether decreased BMD values determined by HU predict cage subsidence and screw loosening.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In light of suboptimal screening for osteoporosis, vertebral computerized tomography(CT) Hounsfield Units(HU), have been investigated as a surrogate for bone mineral density(BMD).

METHODS: In this retrospective study, adult patients who underwent 1-3 level posterior lumbar decompression and fusion(PLDF) or transforaminal lumbar interbody and fusion(TLIF) for degenerative disease between the years 2017-2022 were eligible for inclusion. Demographics and surgical characteristics were collected. Outcomes assessed included 90-day readmissions, 90-day complications, revisions, patient reported outcomes(PROMs), cage subsidence, and screw loosening. Osteoporosis was defined as HU of ≤110 on preoperative CT at L1.

RESULTS: We assessed 119 patients with a mean age of 59.1, of whom 80.7% were white and 64.7% were nonsmokers. The majority underwent PLDF(63%) compared to TLIF(37%), with an average of 1.63 levels fused. Osteoporosis was diagnosed in 37.8% of the cohort with a mean HU in the osteoporotic group of 88.4 compared to 169 in non-osteoporotic patients. Although older in age, osteoporotic individuals did not exhibit increased 90-day readmissions, complications, or revisions compared to non-osteoporotic patients. A significant increase in the incidence of screw loosening was noted in the osteoporotic group with no differences observed in subsidence rates. On multivariable linear regression osteoporosis was independently associated with less improvement in visual analog scale(VAS) scores for back pain.

S: Osteoporosis predicts screw loosening and increased back pain. Clinicians should be advised of the importance of preoperative BMD optimization as part of their surgical planning and the utility of vertebral CT HU as a tool for risk stratification.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.

PMID:38556736 | DOI:10.1097/BRS.0000000000004995

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Preoperative Hounsfield Units Predict Pedicle Screw Loosening in Osteoporotic Patients Following Short Segment Lumbar Fusion

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Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2024 Apr 1. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000004995. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort. OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine if vertebral HU values obtained from preoperative CT predict postoperative outcomes following 1-3 level lumbar fusion and (2) to investigate whether decreased BMD values determined by HU predict cage subsidence and screw loosening.

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