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Preliminary application effect of unilateral biportal endoscopy technique combined with drug chemotherapy in thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis Research Article

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Published article

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation under the unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) combined with drug chemotherapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis. Methods: A follow-up study. The clinical data of 9 patients who underwent UBE debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation combined with drug chemotherapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis at the First Affiliated…
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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2023 Apr 18;103(15):1148-1153. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20221019-02180.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation under the unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) combined with drug chemotherapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis. Methods: A follow-up study. The clinical data of 9 patients who underwent UBE debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation combined with drug chemotherapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from September 2021 to February 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 5 females, aged (52.4±13.5) years (ranged 27-71 years). All patients were given quadruple (isoniazid+rifampicin+pyrazinamide+ethambutol) anti-tuberculosis drugs chemotherapy for 2 to 4 weeks before surgery. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, ambulation time, postoperative hospital stay and complications were recorded. The visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the patients were compared before and after the surgery. The degree and improvement of spinal cord injury before and after surgery were assessed according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) neurological classification; and the Cobb angle was measured before and after surgery to assess kyphotic deformity and correction. X-ray or CT was reviewed at 6 months postoperatively and at the final follow-up, and surgical segmental fusion was evaluated using Bridwell grading criteria. Results: All patients completed the surgery successfully and were followed up for (14.6±1.9) months. The operation time was (182.2±27.5) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (222.2±66.7) ml, postoperative drainage volume was (43.3±17.0) ml, the ambulation time was (1.9±0.8) days, postoperative hospital stay was (5.9±1.5) days. Complications occurred in 2 patients (2/9), including 1 case of procedure-related complication. ESR and CRP returned to normal level at the 6-month postoperative follow-up. The VAS score and ODI were significantly improved when compared with those before the operation at each postoperative follow-up time point, and the differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.05). All patients were classified as ASIA grade E at the last follow-up. The postoperative Cobb angle decreased from 14.44°±2.07° to 9.00°±2.29°, and there was no significant loss of angle at the last follow-up. At the 6-month postoperative follow-up, 5 cases (5/9) were classified as Bridwell grade Ⅰ, 2 cases (2/9) as grade Ⅱ, and 1 case (1/9) as grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ, respectively; and all the patients were classified as grade Ⅰ at the last follow-up. Conclusion: Combined with drug chemotherapy, UBE debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation is a safe, feasible and effective therapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis.

PMID:37055233 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20221019-02180

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Preliminary application effect of unilateral biportal endoscopy technique combined with drug chemotherapy in thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis

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2022-06-10
Fabulous service Fabulous service. Mr Akmal truly cares about his patients and how he can improve their quality of life. I would recommend him to anyone with any kind of spinal issue.
Honeywell Paul
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2022-06-08
Truly excellent results! I was diagnosed with lumbar stenosis after experiencing increasing pain in both legs. An MRI and consultation carried out at short notice confirmed this. Mr Akmal recommended that a spacer should be inserted in my lower back to correct the problem and release the nerves from the narrowing caused by stenosis. The operation was conducted very professionally and without pain. After the first two weeks the pain started to subside as expected. After 4 weeks I was completely back to normal. The result is exceptionally good and I feel renewed, with no pain whatsoever and a regained posture, ready to resume a normal life. I cannot recommend The London Spine Unit highly enough. They are medical magicians!
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2022-06-06
Sciatica My mother was in absolute agony for more than 3 months due to sciatica. It just came out of nowhere and took her out of action. From working full time she went straight to being bed bound and unable to carry out simplest of actions.The pain was 9/10 and she was bed bound for those three months. Multiple trips to A&E and GP and they wouldn't class it as an emergency therefore they wouldn't do anything about it other than upgrading the painkillers which did next to nothing for my mother. I couldn't bear to watch my mother sleeping on A&E bench in pain for 7 hours, just to be told by doctors that she wouldn't be kept in. I remember her joining her hands and begging the doctors to stop the pain which broke my heart. I then started doing research on google and London spine unit came up with Dr Mo AKMAL's profile and review. First meeting with Dr AKMAL was via ZOOM as my mother was bed bound. Dr AKMAL spoke to me and my mom and told us that this is nothing to worry about and that the pain would be 100% gone.Dr AKMAL assured us to visit the hospital so he could physically inspect my mother and give us the best solution. One trip to the london spine unit and Dr AKMAL advised us that the best solution would be to carry out Minimally invasive disectomy. Dr AKMAL advised that due to my mother being bed bound for a while, steroid injection might not give the result that my mother wishes. Dr AKMAL was very confident and showed us some videos from other patients who had gone through the same ordeal. The biggest thing i noticed between before and after was the smile on the patients face. Dr AKMAL was constantly assuring my mother throughout the meeting that he would take care of her pain and gave her 100% confidence that the result would be delivered.He promised her that she would be walking pain free the same day after the operation. Before the operation Dr GURUNG was consulted multiple times and he also was very helpful. Right after the surgery, as Dr AKMAL promised, my mother was walking and the biggest thing was that the pain was gone. My mother had forgotten to smile for three months and there i saw her smiling again. Dr AKMAL and Dr GURUNG gave us brilliant aftercare and informed us that just give them a ring if there was any issue. Its been several weeks now and my mother is heading towards complete recovery without any issues. The pain is completely gone and anyone who is reading this going through the same horrible sciatica pain you must come and see Dr AKMAL. Thank you Dr AKMAL and your whole team for helping my mom achieve this pain free life.
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2022-05-18
Extraordinary Care My 81 year old mother who has retired in Ghana was suffering from severe lower back pain so a local surgeon put her through discectomy with hardware (spine screws). The procedure was essentially botched, with one screw breaching her spinal canal resulting in extreme pain; unable to walk, pins and needles and numbness in the left leg. The hardware subsequently had become infected and loosened as a result. Her life after this surgery was the worse she has ever experienced in all her life. She had no doubt that she was eventually to die from the infection and pain. Fortunately, through diligent search, we found Mr Akmal and his team at The UK Spine Centre. She had a zoom consultation and with a ready MRI and CT scan, Mr Akmal knew exactly how to have her back to fitness and a better quality of life. She travelled to England on 26 March 2022 and had the surgery on 11 April 2022. It was a day-case. It lasted no more than 1 hour 30 minutes. She was on my feet within 2 hours pain free - still pain free 5 weeks on! To her this is simply a miracle ! She is grateful to Jehovah God for Mr Akmal and his team - thoroughly professional bunch at the top of their game. No one deserves to suffer the pain she experienced for two years. She seriously recommends Mr Akmal and his team for anything SPINE!
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2022-05-18
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2022-05-09
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shahnaz Choudhury
2022-04-22
I had a massive bulging disk on my back… I had a massive bulging disk on my back compressing my nerve for three years. It caused me excruciating pain and almost left me disabled. I was on both crutches and completely homebound due to the severity of pain and mobility limitations. I had my lumber surgery two weeks ago and walked out of hospital within a few hours pain free on my right leg that was almost paralysing prior to surgery. The disk was shaved off releasing the nerve completely. Two days after surgery I had excruciating pain on my head that is unexplained as I had CT scan and MRI which were all fine. Dr Akmal has suggested it could be from the anaesthetic. I am extremely grateful to Dr Akmal and his very welcoming and cari g team. I would highly recommend his clinic as I have had excellent recovery.
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2022-04-02
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Ken Carswell
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2022-03-22
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2022-03-17
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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2023 Apr 18;103(15):1148-1153. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20221019-02180.ABSTRACTObjective: To investigate the efficacy of debridement, decompression, interbody fusion and percutaneous screw internal fixation under the unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) combined with drug chemotherapy for thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis. Methods: A follow-up study. The clinical data of 9 patients who underwent UBE debridement, decompression, interbody…
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