Prediction of survival prognosis after surgery in patients with symptomatic metastatic spinal cord compression from non-small cell lung cancer.
BMC Cancer. 2015;15(1):853
Authors: Lei M, Liu Y, Tang C, Yang S, Liu S, Zhou S
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a scoring system for prediction of survival prognosis after surgery in patients with symptomatic metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed nine preoperative characteristics for survival in a series of 64 patients with NSCLC who were operated with posterior decompression and spine stabilization for MSCC. Characteristics significantly associated with survival on multivariate analysis were included in the scoring system. The scoring point for each significant characteristic was derived from the hazard ratios on Cox proportional hazards model. The total score for each patient was obtained by adding the scoring points of all significant characteristics.
RESULTS: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, number of involved vertebrae, visceral metastases, and time developing motor deficits had significant impact on survival on multivariate analysis and were included in the scoring system. According to the prognostic scores, which ranged from 4 to 10 points, three prognostic groups were designed: 4-5 points (n?=?22), 6-7 points (n?=?23), and 8-10 points (n?=?19). The corresponding 6-month survival rates were 95, 47 and 11 %, respectively (P?<?0.0001). In addition, the functional outcome was worse in the group of patients with 8-10 points compared with other two prognostic groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The new scoring system will enable physicians to identify patient with MSCC from NSCLC who may be a candidate for decompression and spine stabilization, more radical surgery, or supportive care alone. Patients with scores of 4-5, who have the most favorable survival prognosis and functional outcome, can be treated with more radical surgery in order to realize better local control of disease and prevent the occurrence of local disease. Patients with scores of 6-7 points should be surgical candidates, because survival prognosis and functional outcome are acceptable after surgery, while patients with scores of 8-10 points, who have the shortest survival time and poorest functional outcome after surgery, appear to be best treated with radiotherapy or best supportive care.
PMID: 26541141 [PubMed – in process]