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Practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease: exploring regional and hospital factors influencing surgical rates – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

The article investigates regional variation in surgical treatment for sciatica resulting from lumbar degenerative disc disease (LDDD) in Dutch adults between 2016 and 2019. The study found that while there was low variation in rates for discectomies and laminectomies, there was high variation in instrumented fusion surgery. Factors such as opioid prescription and patient referral status were associated with receiving surgical treatment, and gender differences were observed in the types of surgery received. The study highlights the need for further research on guideline implementation and its impact on practice variation

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : innovative spine clinic on Harley Street UK

Published article

The presence of significant, unwarranted variation in treatment suggests that clinical decision making also depends on where patients live instead of what they need and prefer. Historically, high practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease (LDDD) has been documented. This study aimed to investigate current regional variation in surgical treatment for sciatica resulting from LDDD. We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of all Dutch adults (>18…

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Sci Rep. 2024 Apr 23;14(1):9273. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-59629-9. ABSTRACT The presence of significant, unwarranted variation in treatment suggests that clinical decision making also depends on where patients live instead of what they need and prefer. Historically, high practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease (LDDD) has been documented. This study aimed to investigate,

Sci Rep. 2024 Apr 23;14(1):9273. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-59629-9.

ABSTRACT

The presence of significant, unwarranted variation in treatment suggests that clinical decision making also depends on where patients live instead of what they need and prefer. Historically, high practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease (LDDD) has been documented. This study aimed to investigate current regional variation in surgical treatment for sciatica resulting from LDDD. We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of all Dutch adults (>18 years) between 2016 and 2019. Demographic data from Statistics Netherlands were merged with a nationwide claims database, covering over 99% of the population. Inclusion criteria comprised LDDD diagnosis codes and relevant surgical codes. Practice variation was assessed at the level of postal code areas and hospital service areas (HSAs). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was employed to identify variables associated with surgical treatment. Among the 119,148 hospital visitors with LDDD, 14,840 underwent surgical treatment. Practice variation for laminectomies and discectomies showed less than two-fold variation in both postal code and HSAs. However, instrumented fusion surgery demonstrated a five-fold variation in postal code areas and three-fold variation in HSAs. Predictors of receiving surgical treatment included opioid prescription and patient referral status. Gender differences were observed, with males more likely to undergo laminectomy or discectomy, and females more likely to receive instrumented fusion surgery. Our study revealed low variation rates for discectomies and laminectomies, while indicating a high variation rate for instrumented fusion surgery in LDDD patients. High-quality research is needed on the extent of guideline implementation and its influence on practice variation.

PMID:38653739 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-59629-9

The London Spine Unit : innovative spine clinic on Harley Street UK

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Practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease: exploring regional and hospital factors influencing surgical rates

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Sci Rep. 2024 Apr 23;14(1):9273. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-59629-9. ABSTRACT The presence of significant, unwarranted variation in treatment suggests that clinical decision making also depends on where patients live instead of what they need and prefer. Historically, high practice variation in surgical treatment for lumbar degenerative disc disease (LDDD) has been documented. This study aimed to investigate

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