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Postoperative Spinal Subdural Lesions Following Lumbar Spine Surgery: Prevalence and Risk Factors.

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Postoperative Spinal Subdural Lesions Following Lumbar Spine Surgery: Prevalence and Risk Factors.

Asian Spine J. 2017 Oct;11(5):793-803

Authors: Nagamoto Y, Takenaka S, Aono H

Study Design: Retrospective case-control study.
Purpose: To clarify the prevalence and risk factors for spinal subdural lesions (SSDLs) following lumbar spine surgery.
Overview of Literature: Because SSDLs, including arachnoid cyst and subdural hematoma, that develop following spinal surgery are seldom symptomatic and require reoperation, there are few reports on these pathologies. No study has addressed the prevalence and risk factors for SSDLs following lumbar spine surgery.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the magnetic resonance (MR) images and medical records of 410 patients who underwent lumbar decompression surgery with or without instrumented fusion for degenerative disorders. SSDLs were classified into three grades: grade 0, no obvious lesion; grade 1, cystic lesion; and grade 2, lesions other than a cyst. Grading was based on the examination of preoperative and postoperative MR images. The prevalence of SSDLs per grade was calculated and risk factors were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Postoperative SSDLs were identified in 123 patients (30.0%), with 50 (12.2%) and 73 (17.8%) patients being classified with grade 1 and 2 SSDLs, respectively. Among these, one patient was symptomatic, requiring hematoma evacuation because of the development of incomplete paraplegia. Bilateral partial laminectomy was a significantly independent risk factor for SSDLs (odds ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-1.92; p<0.001). In contrast, a unilateral partial laminectomy was a protective factor (odds ratio, 0.11; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.46; p=0.002).
Conclusions: The prevalence rate of grade 1 SSDLs was 30%, with no associated clinical symptoms observed in all but one patient. Bilateral partial laminectomy increases the risk for SSDLs, whereas unilateral partial laminectomy is a protective factor.

PMID: 29093791 [PubMed]

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