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Postoperative Racial Disparities Following Spine Surgery Are Less Pronounced in the Outpatient Setting – Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

This article explores racial disparities in postoperative outcomes following spine surgery in the outpatient (OP) and inpatient (IP) settings. The study used data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database and included patients who underwent various types of spine surgeries between 2017 and 2021. The findings revealed that Black patients experienced greater odds of adverse events, readmission, reoperation, non-home discharge, and mortality following IP surgery compared to White patients. However, these disparities were less prominent in the OP setting, indicating that progress towards reducing racial inequality may be possible as spine care transitions to the OP setting. Further research is needed to understand the causes of these differences and mitigate racial disparities in the inpatient setting

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : most specialised treatment facility on Harley Street UK

Published article

CONCLUSIONS: Racial inequality in postoperative complications following spine surgery is evident, however disparities in complication rates are relatively less following OP compared to IP procedures. Further work may be beneficial in elucidating the causes of these differences to better understand and mitigate overall racial disparities within the inpatient setting. These decreased differences may also provide promising indication that progress towards reducing inequality is possible as spine…

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Spine J. 2024 Jan 30:S1529-9430(24)00032-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.01.019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND CONTEXT: Racial disparities in spine surgery have been thoroughly documented in the inpatient (IP) setting. However, despite an increasing proportion of procedures being performed as same-day surgeries, whether similar differences have developed in the outpatient (OP) setting remains to be elucidated.PURPOSE: This study aimed,

Spine J. 2024 Jan 30:S1529-9430(24)00032-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.01.019. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Racial disparities in spine surgery have been thoroughly documented in the inpatient (IP) setting. However, despite an increasing proportion of procedures being performed as same-day surgeries, whether similar differences have developed in the outpatient (OP) setting remains to be elucidated.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate racial differences in postoperative outcomes between Black and White patients following OP and IP lumbar and cervical spine surgery.

STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cohort study.

PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients who underwent IP or OP microdiscectomy, laminectomy, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), or cervical disc replacement (CDR) between 2017 and 2021.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Thirty-day rates of serious and minor adverse events, readmission, reoperation, non-home discharge, and mortality.

METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent IP or OP microdiscectomy, laminectomy, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), or cervical disc replacement (CDR) between 2017 and 2021 was conducted using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. Disparities between Black and White patients in (1) adverse event rates, (2) readmission rates, (3) reoperation rates, (4) non-home discharge rates, (5) mortality rates, (6) operative times, and (7) hospital LOS between Black and White patients were measured and compared between IP and OP surgical settings. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to adjust for potential effects of baseline demographic and clinical differences.

RESULTS: Of 81,696 total surgeries, 49,351 (60.4%) were performed as IP and 32,345 (39.6%) were performed as OP procedures. White patients accounted for a greater proportion of IP (88.2% vs. 11.8%) and OP (92.7% vs. 7.3%) procedures than Black patients. Following IP surgery, Black patients experienced greater odds of serious (OR 1.214, 95% CI 1.077 – 1.370, p = 0.002) and minor adverse events (OR 1.377, 95% CI 1.113 – 1.705, p = 0.003), readmission (OR 1.284, 95% CI 1.130 – 1.459, p < 0.001), reoperation (OR 1.194, 95% CI 1.013 - 1.407, p = 0.035), and non-home discharge (OR 2.304, 95% CI 2.101 - 2.528, p < 0.001) after baseline adjustment. Disparities were less prominent in the OP setting, as Black patients exhibited greater odds of readmission (OR 1.341, 95% CI 1.036 - 1.735, p = 0.026) but were no more likely than White patients to experience adverse events, reoperation, individual complications, non-home discharge, or death (p > 0.050 for all).

CONCLUSIONS: Racial inequality in postoperative complications following spine surgery is evident, however disparities in complication rates are relatively less following OP compared to IP procedures. Further work may be beneficial in elucidating the causes of these differences to better understand and mitigate overall racial disparities within the inpatient setting. These decreased differences may also provide promising indication that progress towards reducing inequality is possible as spine care transitions to the OP setting.

PMID:38301902 | DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2024.01.019

The London Spine Unit : most specialised treatment facility on Harley Street UK

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Postoperative Racial Disparities Following Spine Surgery Are Less Pronounced in the Outpatient Setting

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Spine J. 2024 Jan 30:S1529-9430(24)00032-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2024.01.019. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND CONTEXT: Racial disparities in spine surgery have been thoroughly documented in the inpatient (IP) setting. However, despite an increasing proportion of procedures being performed as same-day surgeries, whether similar differences have developed in the outpatient (OP) setting remains to be elucidated.PURPOSE: This study aimed

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